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Lecture 9

SOC1101 B Lecture 9.docx

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University of Ottawa
Willow Scobie

SOC1101 B – Lecture 9 RECAP In a sense, these normative ideas end up in our social institutions. The values find their way into institutions and our personalities. Through interaction with other people, most of us come to internalize that value structure. Remember that functionalists deemphasize conflict in society, arguing that the basis in society is consensus. You expect others to do exactly what they expect themselves to do. (For Example: Teacher expecting students to perform to the best of their ability and vice versa). Imagine if someone came from a culture very different from us that held an imposing set of values. They would not get along very well with us. To the extent that we share the same kind of values, we share the same personalities, so we get along. When we go into our institutions, we are able to play certain roles because it’s the “norm.” You already think that you should act and behave a certain way. S.M. Lipset He was the director of comedian studies at Harvard. In the early 1960s, he came up with a theory of what made Canadians different from Americans. He was a functionalist. In this case, what are the values of Canadians and Americans? He argues that there are no two societies as similar as CA and USA, but we are not the same. On one value, we diverge. He says that the Americans as opposed to Canadians put a higher value on individualism. They are more towards an extreme as another. What he means by individualism, he means freedom. He also means equality; we are all individuals, making us equal to one another. He also means self-reliance. If you don’t belong to anyone, then you need to provide to someone else. He is saying that they put a higher valuation on quality, freedom and self-reliance than we do as Canadians. On the other hand, Canadians are more collectively oriented than Am
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