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Lecture 4

Lecture 4 (Oct 21st).docx

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University of Ottawa
Edith Smith

Lecture 4, Oct 21st 2013 DEVIANCE AND SOCIAL CONTROL DEVIANCE: behaviour that violates the standards of conduct or expectations of a group or society (184) DEVIANT: person whose behaviour is viewed as typically rule-violating MARGIN OF TOLERANCE: extent to which the commission of an act that is normally disapproved of, escapes censure. Deviance requires 2 parts: 1) some action/condition on the part of the deviant AND 2) a negative response from the group DEVIANTIZING: the power to define what is acceptable and what is deviant (184) STIGMA: a label used to devalue members of a certain group in society. IDENTIFIER: visible sign that suggests membership in a particular social role or group, SOCIAL DISTANCE: lack of closeness in social interaction; degree of separateness between an individual and the group. SELF-FULLFILLING PROPHECY: tendency of people to respond to and act on the basis of stereotypes, leading to validation of definitions. THEORIES OF DEVIANCE: STRUCTUAL FUNCTIONALISM- Durkheim: -anomie: state where rules are unclear and results in more deviance due to lack of clarity -deviance is functional for keeping social order Robert Merton: -means-end discrepancy: contradictions between culturally encouraged goals and structurally available means for achieving them -anomia: when accepted goals are not matched by available means Alison Morris: -gender is always a barrier to success Edwin Sutherland: -differential association: violation of rules results from exposure to attitudes favourable to criminal acts (190) -white collar crime: illegal activities committed by affluent, respected individuals in the course of their business activities (197) CONFLICT THEORIES: -association between power struggles and ability
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