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SOC1101 – Lecture 21.docx

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Willow Scobie

SOC1101 – Lecture 21 Revolutions in Social Movements Continued… Political and Social Change  When a group’s objectives cannot be achieved within, or are blocked by, an existing framework…  Political and social change may require unorthodox forms of political action  I.e. protests all over the world today Revolutions  Most dramatic example of political action  Involves the overthrow of an existing political order by a means of mass movement, using violence  Occur relatively infrequently Social Movements  More common form of political activity  Collective attempts to further a common interest or secure a common goal through action outside of established institutions  Some social movements are international and use technology to link local campaigns to global issues  Ex. The Occupy Movement, the Quebec Student Movement Relative Deprivation  James Davies (1962)  Argued that revolutions have not occurred because people live in constant poverty or deprivation – they do not tend to rise up in revolution  Social protest and revolution are more likely when people’s conditions improve  Their expectations go up, but then slow down – people feel frustrated  It isn’t until things start to get a little better for people that they agitate for better conditions  Why don’t we see a revolution in some of the most impoverished counties as things get worse and worse?  Therefore, it isn’t absolute deprivation that leads to revolution, but relative deprivation Charles Tilly (1978)  Tilly asked why particular groups seek revolutionary change.  Looked at the broader context of protest and violence. Collective Action  Tilly looked at four components of collective action: 1. Organization of the groups 2. Mobilization of the groups Do they have th
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