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Lecture

Culture - Feb. 3rd

2 Pages
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Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC1101
Professor
Stephan Larose

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Description
Culture Feb. 3   2014  ­Culture includes: the knowledge, language, values, customs, and material  objects that are passed from person to person and from one generation to the  next, learned, shared, and transmitted from person to person, blueprint for  living within a particular society ­Culture shock: personal disorientation that comes from encountering an  unfamiliar way of life ­No cultural trait is inherently “natural” to humanity: what is natural to our  species is the capacity to create and learn cultural traits Components of Culture Symbols, Language, Values, Norms, Material objects Symbols  ­Anything that meaningfully represents something else to others: words,  numbers, pictures, colours, gestures, facial expressions, etc.  ­Examples: D­O­G ­Insider/outsider ­Culture shock in Brindisi… ­Culture shock is a two­way experience: what the traveller experiences and  what the traveller inflicts on others ­Symbolic meanings: conflict and change • Vary even within a single society (the hummer) • Change over time (blue jeans) Language ­Set of symbols that express ideas and enable people to think and  communicate with one another ­The keystone to human culture ­Language and the social construction of reality: does language shape  reality?  • Anthropologists Edward Sapir and Benjamin Whorf: each language  has words or expressions with no precise counterparts in other  tongues, all languages fuse symbols with distinctive emotions • The Sapir­Whorf hypothesis: language
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