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Lecture 9

SOC 1101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Ageism, Space Shuttle Challenger, Ethnocentrism


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC 1101
Professor
Liam Kilmurray
Lecture
9

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Groups and Organizations
Social group: a collection of two or more people who interact frequently with one another,
share a sense of belonging, and have a feeling of interdependence
Aggregate: a collection of people who happen to be in the same place at the same time but
have little else in common
Category: a number of people who may have never met on another but who share a similar
characteristic (such as education, age, race)
Social Identity: Societies
- Mandan Indian Bull Dance Society
oFertility
oWarrior
oScalping
- Iroquois False Face Society
oCuring society
oBurning of tobacco
oCarving of masks
Types of Groups
-Primary Groups
oBased on informal membership
oDirect face-to-face relation and communications
oEx. Friendships
oPart of social stratification
-Secondary Groups
oBased on informal/formal membership among members who may relate and
communicate indirectly
oExamples:
Clubs and Fraternities
Define membership on shared identity
oEx. United Empire Loyalists in Canada
Can serve economic and political roles
Men’s clubs featuring male-male bonding activities are common
oOften involve objectification and mistreatment of women
oCome Canadian/US college fraternities
Counterculture groups
Feature in industrialized societies
Members desire to be identified with a special group
oYouth gangs: initialization rituals (conformity), may or may
not have a leader, special markers, clothing
oMotorcycle gangs (Biker gangs in Canada)
Riskier tasks are left to new recruits while those
higher up reap rewards
The hierarchical structure allows the leaders to
operate with impunity while flaunting their image of
power to attract recruits and draw them into crime
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