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1. Sociology – Yesterday and Today.docx

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Liam Kilmurray

SociologyYesterday and TodaySociological Questions2 Characteristics1 They raise the level of enquiry from the particular individual events to a more abstract general level where we can look for recurring patterns of behaviourWhat is the average male or female doing in society 2 Each sociological question focuses on an issue that involves the individual person in group life Looks at race age occupation etc to determine group or averageDefinitions Sociology The scientific study of social behaviour and interaction in human groups Between groups and in groupsMacro Sociology study of largescale phenomenon and big organizations OC Transpo StrikeMicro Sociology study of interactions within and between small groups Two single parent families coming togetherThe First Sociological QuestionsChanges in Social Context of First Sociologists 1 Industrial Revolutionmoved to a more urban industrial society impacting moving of population 2 Movement of Populationif a job was needed it was necessary to travel to the urban areas and change your lifestyle 3 Scientific breakthroughbrought about a notion that nature can somehow be understood and controlled Forefathers of Modern SociologyAuguste Conte 17981857Wanted to see if we could apple scientific tool to study societyHow can we maintain society as a stable harmonious wholeSocial Statics the nature and interplay of mechanism that contribute to stability in society1 Common language to communicate what is acceptable 2 Shared religionbeliefs to hold society together3 Division of labour to create interdependence forcing one another to depend on each other and create stabilitySocial Dynamics what contributes to the evolution and progress of societies over time 1 Theological Stage everything is explained through religion2 Metaphysical Stage Abstract speculation is used to for explanation3 Positive Stage A more scientific approach using analysis for explanation
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