8. Social Change.docx

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16 Mar 2012
Social Change
Theories of Social Change
Functionalism: Evolutionary Approach
- Change is purposeful part of nature, leading gradually to a more orderly universe
- Change in one part of the organism requires changes in others for smooth
functioning to continue--equilibrium
Conflict: Revolutionary Approach
- Change is process of discontinuity with radical shifts
- Get rid of the old structures and begin new ones and new order comes about though
this revolution
Combination: Symbolic Interactionism
- Revolutionary changes lead to routine and evolution to higher level of complexity
- Before economic change can occur, there must be a change in the value system of a
Readjustments-social changes at small/micro scale
Change of type-large scale change, transformation
Areas of focus in study of social change
1. Development
Social evolutionary theory
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