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Class 1. Social Conflicts.docx

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Liam Kilmurray

Social Conflicts & the Origins of Social Movements Key Questions - Why do movements originate when they do? o Spark, something needs to create the movement - How do they attract and maintain support? o Attract through inequality, slanders - How do they present issues and formulate strategies? - What tactics are employed? - How do they structure their organizations? - How do social movements impact on culture o Change the future cultures, organizations, set the tone for what people know is possible for the next generation and the next movement - Why do social movements generate opposition? - Why do social movements persist or decline? - How/why do they succeed or fail? Politics - Sociologists, like historians or anthropologists, analyze contemporary and historical societies to validate or test their theoretical structures Contentious Politics - How do social structures, institutions, and the character of contentious politics interact? - We “must look systematically at the interplay among regimes, institutions, political opportunity structure, and repertoires...” Le Petite Movement - Narbonne, France - One of the first Western social movement that was documented - Localized collective action - Singular issue, mostly - Localized collective action - Local people - Based around Taxation issues o Lead to the growth of sociology, the beginning of social movements, around the time of the industrial revolution Ca. 1760-1850 - In 1750, European economy overwhelmingly agricultural economy - Overseas colonies and war between France and England spurs on innovation in machinery - Vast increase in the market for European goods in part drove the conversion to an industrial, manufacturing economy Industrial Revolution - Born on the back of machine friendly materials - Cotton - Iron - Pottery o Taking goods from one continent or county (America’s) and creating something, such as clothing, in another, then reselling it back to the country the organic
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