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Class 6. Feminist Movement.docx

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Liam Kilmurray

Feminist Movement Canada: Important Dates - 1966: Federation des femmes du Quebec - 1970: Abortion Caravan - 1972: National Action Committee on the Status of Women - 1982: Women Against Violence Against Women (Vancouver) - 1989: Montreal Massacre in which 14 women students at the Ecole Polytechnique were systematically killed and 13 other student wounded Developments First Wave - Suffragettes - Legal inequalities - Focused on the vote, inheritance and property rights Second Wave - Refers to a period of feminist activity which began during the early 1960’s and lasted through the early 1990’s. - Concentration on continuing legal inequalities - Also focused on sexuality, family, the workplace, and reproductive rights Third Wave - 1980’s to today - Less dogmatic, more oriented to self-help, bodies (breast cancer) etc. - Arose in response to perceived 2 wave failures and social backlash - Less structures, more diversified, addresses women in developing world, race class etc. Dr. Rosa Luxemburg 1871-1919 - Born 1871 Polish town of Zamosc in the year of the Paris Commune - Spoke Russian, German and Polish - University of Zurich - History, political science, social science - Refused to assume the stereotypical roles women usually fill (mother, uneducated etc.) - 1900: Reform or Revolution - 1906: The Mass Strike - 1912: Women’s Suffrage and Class Struggle - Martyr, stimulus for the women’s movement Suffragettes - The move for women to have the vote had really started in 1897 when Millicent Fawcett founded the National Union of Women’s Suffrage - “Suffrage” means the right to vote and that is what women wanted – hence its inclusion in Fawcett’s title - 1903 the Women’s Social and Political Union was founded by Emmeline Pankhurst and her daughters Christabel and Sylvia - Christabel Pankhurst and Annie Kenney interrupted a political meeting in Manchester to ask two Liberal politicians (Winston Churchill and Sir Edward Grey) if they believed women should have the right to vote. Neither man replied. As a result the two women got a banner, which read: “Votes for Women”. Million Women March - Philadelphia 1997 - City of Philadelphia’s mantra was officially changed to “The City of Brotherly Love and S
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