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Lecture on the divide in gender roles (Sept. 19th).odt

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Adolphine Y.Aggor- Boateng

SOC 2104 – Women, Men & Society Sept. 19 2013 Recap from last class • Work outside of the house is viewed as valuable whereas inside work is not (paid vs. Unpaid/Men vs. Women). • There is nothing wrong with division of roles between genders, what is wrong is the inequality that exists within it. ◦ We feel that these divisions are fixed but they are not. It doesn't exist everywhere like it does in Western society (emerged through history). • Differences between men & women are determined by: ◦ Age ◦ Class ◦ Race ◦ Ethnicity ◦ Kinship ◦ Colonialism and missionary activities ◦ Capitalism • These variables shape relations between the sexes. (Socially constructed) “The Domestic Sphere of Women and Public World of Men...” • Western explanations challenged: ◦ Inside-outside (spatial metaphor) and work-family functional dichotomy (confusing) ▪ Work spaces have changed since earlier times (e.g. home businesses) so inside-outside is no longer representative of men and womens place. ◦ Levels of civilization ◦ Marriage transactions ◦ Immigrant families, industrialization, capitalism, changes in the workforce and family values ◦ Women's workplace experiences (not determined by race) ▪ Women share ideas about child-rearing among themselves at work • Men and women hold multiple positions in society. • There are different sources of inequality (Comanche, Cheyenne, Kiowa) ◦ Marriage transactions ◦ Claims to labour ◦ Gift exchange and generosity ◦ Age and seniority ▪ Status depends on age group ◦ Kin and affine ◦ Marital status within the same sex category ▪ How do we impose our divisions among those people? Glebo (Liberia), MissionaryActivities and Levels of Civilization • Civilized men and women (a single-sex system) • Native men and women (a parallel-sex system) • The civilized woman has nothing if she is to divorce, the native has power. (Caused by European values imposed during colonialism) Bedouin (Middle East) – Marriage and Family • Public poetry recital reveals women's oppression in marriage • Women publicly express their feelings for sympathy (not just staying at home cooking, cleaning, etc.) Chicana Cannery Workers (U.S.) • Workplace and family networks at work ◦ Political groups developed out of women's networks (able to articulate their views). ◦ In the past, only women would talk about child-rearing at work.
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