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SOC2106 (131)

Lecture 4

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University of Ottawa
Fatemeh Givechian

Lecture 4 – January 22 2013 Consensus crimes: a crime that people all agree is one, such as drinking and driving Conflict crimes: when the public is not in agreement, such as abortion Social deviation: when the person deviates from the norm and the act is not illegal, but society hopes to eliminate it and thinks that intervention is needed, ex. addiction, smoking Social diversion: when your fashion or style of clothing or talking diverts from society Ascribed crimes: when you are no doing anything wrong to anybody or yourself, but people are not happy with something that is unconscious to you, such as the name you were given, you are not harming anyone and have no choice, but people think you are deviant, those who have mental illness Approaches: - Functionalism – Emile Durkheim o The same way in the human body we have different organs that work differently, society is like that too, the larger the society the more these differences o Differences in terms of educations, jobs – but we all work towards one entity, one goal o This society accepts that sometimes there is no conformity, to a certain degree o We lock up our bikes because we are unconsciously believing that someone is going to steal our bike o But if all of a sudden theft is having a lot, all bikes are getting stolen, then we see a problem o A bond starts to form between those who become against theft o The function of functionalism is to create harmony between everyone o Functionalists adopted ideas from the natural sciences hoping they could be applied to the social world o Elements in society are interconnected and interrelated o Well-functioning societies require value consensus, social cohesion and social control o Social change or inequality may create social disorganization and strain and lead to deviance and crime o Crime strengthens social cohesion by renewing a commitment to social boundaries - Conflict perspective o Unlike functionalism, it does not see the society as harmonious, it sees people against each other, a lot of tension o This is due to resources not being abundant, so we want to maximize our games, and minimize our loses o 2 types of conflict, horizontal and vertical  Vertically: people of different levels, capitalist and worker  Horizontally: we who are catholic against the protestants o Usually constructionism sometimes positivism traces o Argue that conflict and change are unavoidable because society is composed of groups that differ in power, status and influence o Conflict theorists ask who benefits and who suffers from existing social order o Dominant ideology: Marxist concept associated with the idea that in class-strained societies the ruling class controls both material production and the production of ideas and ideologies. Through this dominance, meaning systems of the working class are shaped to support the status quo, undermining efforts by the subordinate class to defend its own interests. o Conflict theories are about the unequal distribution of wealth and power and the ways people respond to inequality by breaking rules o Stain theory: has connections to the conflict approach - Symbolic interactions o Deals with the interactions among individuals and the meaning we interpret based on the acts, we can interpret it as something good or as something bad o Micro o Cooley and Mead o Focuses on the processes by which people interp
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