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SOC2109 (80)
Sam Alvaro (65)
Lecture 11

SOC2109 Lecture 11: SOC2109 Lecture 11
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Department
Sociology
Course
SOC2109
Professor
Sam Alvaro
Semester
Winter

Description
Lecture 11 Love and Loving Love and Loving -Liking refers to a positive attitude toward an object -Love involves attachment to and caring for another person -Love also may involve passion- a state of intense physiological arousal and intense absorption in the other Romantic Love Ideal: 5 Beliefs 1. True love can strike without prior interaction (“Love at first sight”) 2. For each of us, there is only one other person who will inspire true love 3. True love can overcome any obstacle 4. Our beloved is (nearly) perfect 5. We should follow our feelings - that is we should base our choice of partners on love rather than on other, more rational considerations Occurrence of Romantic Love Ideal in Magazines, 1741-1865 -A team of researchers selected some of the best-selling magazines from 4 historical periods and counted the number of times each of the 5 romantic ideals was mentioned Favourite Love Story -Notebook -Crazy, Stupid, Love -Michele and Barack Obama -Shrek -Riverdale -Beauty and the Beast -Titanic -P.s I love you Love Stories -A love story is a story (script) about what love should be like; it has characters, plot and theme -There are two central characters in every love story, and they play roles that complement each other -The plot details the kinds of events that occur in the relationship -The theme provides the meaning of the events that make up the plot, and it gives direction to the behaviour of the principles Our Class discusses a long list of what we consider love to be- that be reduced to three essential components Passion - Physiological arousal longing to be with Intimacy- close bond, sharing support Commitment- Willing to define as love, commitment to long term Sternberg’s Triangular theory of love Social Psychology: Sociological Perspectives The social psychology of deviance Deviance in Social Psychology -Deviance, a violation of a cultural/societal norm. Hence to deviate from the norm -Deviance can be viewed as absolute or as relative to the group being studied -Societies divide deviance into more or less serious forms, representing mores (norms that we consider entrenched (right and wrong) and folkways (norms that aren't necessarily illegal but wrong (right and rude) Social constructionism -If men define situation as real, they are real in their consequences (W.I. Thomas, 1928: 572) -Labelling theory -Frank Tannenbaum (1938) Crime and Community -Dramatization of evil in regards to youth -Edwin Lemert (1951) Social Pathology -Primary Deviation-rule breaking -Secondary Deviation -Agreement with society's reaction SI: Moral Careers and Deviant Subcultures -In his famous work, Outsiders: studies in the Sociology of Deviance, Howard Becker (1973) elaborated the processes through which -Primary deviance leads to secondary deviance -The importance of deviant subcultures in maintaining the deviant self-image -Outsiders refer to people labeled as deviants who accept the deviant labels SI: Becker’s Stages of Becoming an Outsider -Becker (1973) described a three-stage process by which individuals become outsiders -An individual's commits a deviant act (primary deviance) -The person begins to accept the deviant status (secondary deviance) -The deviant joins the deviant subculture -Master Status -Basic of personal identity -Self-Fulfilling Prophecy SI: Stigma and Deviance (stigma article will be on midterm) -Deviance can take many forms -Erving Goffman (1963) defined stigma “an attribute that is deeply discrediting” -Stigma can take three forms -A physical deformity -Being part of an undesirable social group -A character flaw GP: The Career of the Mental Patient -Ervin Goffman (1961) studied the ways that mentally-ill patients managed stigma in asylums -He described mental institutions as total institutions, places where individuals are required to isolate themselves from the rest of society (Military, Prison, some schools, rel
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