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Lecture 6

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOC2112
Professor
John Baker
Semester
Fall

Description
Lecture 6 Comte­theory of statics ­Especially he was influenced by the traditionalists:   ­­Society is an organic whole   ­­Important for social stability is to foster a sense of connection   ­­Hence the importance of collective organizations ­Theoretical idea relating to family    Classes of instincts—Egoistic (we born have to be repression in the family, if everyone  in society that only think about themselves, then society is not possible. You have to  share)    Instincts (not born with, but develop through time)         ­­Social    Instincts                                             ­­Intermediate    Instincts ­­Hence, the family, not the individuals is the basic unit of society ­­The family­represses the egoistic           ­Develops the social ­­It develops the social in 3 ways:    1) Teaches language  (Connect us one to another, organize activities­who do this and who do that, teaching  culture—connect to the past. To develop the social instincts)    2) Demonstrates the importance of the division of labor (We always have division of labor. One person does one thing and other people  dependent on. Sort of connection based on dependence of one and other)    3) Teaches a set of moral beliefs: a “philosophical orientation” (Religion­moral ideas, you born in a family and the religion is about the loyalty of family,  church etc. A common sense of moral idea) Solidarity: ­­To the extent people can communicate there is solidarity Comte­Theory of dynamics ­­Especially he was influenced by the enlightened thinkers:    ­The emphasis is on reason and progress Theory of the 3 stages of the mind (3 stages of society): ­­Assumes that people have always wondered why things happen ­­Every societies go through the similar stages that cannot be otherwise 1. The theological Stage: (Warrior value) ­­Explanation: Superstitions    Why things happen as they do. You look at the supernatural beings. Three stages of  superstitions (in the textbook) Period 1: Everyone can come up with an answer, so no organized religions. You don’t  have group of people who have power over another groups.  Believe spirit in bodies that associated with gods. A group of specialized people who  try to understand gods Period 2: Believe in multiple gods  Period 3: Single gods (mono). 2 things happen. First, reformation­­ to open up  church. Criticizing of structure of church, to criticize the teach of the church. (Make  observation to see whether the
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