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Canada (509,046)
Sociology (2,084)
SOC2312 (23)

MARCH 4. Canadian Society lecture.docx

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Sam Alvaro

MARCH 4, 2014 RACE AND ETHNICITY IN CANADA ABORIGINAL PEOPLES - Account for 3.8% of the population - They are the fastest growing segment of Canadian population - Despite impressive strides, remain at higher risk for population as a whole - Inadequate housing and food - 1 in 4 earns less than $10.00 per hour Race and ethnicity - A race is a category composed of people who share biologically transmitted traits that members of a society deem socially significant. Race is a significant concept chiefly because most people consider it to be such. - Ethnicity is a shared cultural heritage. Races may also be analyzed as ethnic categories in many cases - A racial or ethnic minority is a category of people, distinguished by physical or cultural traits, who are socially disadvantaged. Discrimination and Racism - Discrimination refers to a negative action toward members of a specific social group - Institutional discrimination occurs when a person acts on discriminatory guidelines of an institution (such as an employer) - Racism refers to the belief that one racial category is innately superior or inferior to another - Institutional prejudice and discrimination refers to bias in attitude or action inherent in the operation of a society's institutions. Eugenics movement - is the belief and practice of improving the genetic quality of the human population. Most sterilization were performed under eugenics statutes in state run psychiatric hospitals and mentally disabled. Prejudice - Is a negative assessment about what a person or group is like before you actually meet them Ecological fallacy: Drawing conclusions about individual attributes from data gathered from an entire group Exception fallacy: Drawing conclusions about an entire group based on observation of individuals Stereotype: Sweeping generalizations about a category of people that are applied to all members of that category. Historical Manifestations of Preju
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