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Lecture

ESP-1101 November 11th, 2013.docx

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Department
Spanish
Course
ESP1101
Professor
Jos� Mar�a Ruano De La Haza
Semester
Fall

Description
th ESP-1101 November 11 , 2013 Art and Architecture in Northern Spain: Romanesque architecture: -10 -13 centuries -round arches -massive walls -buttresses -barrel vaults -groin vaults (where two barrel vaults met at a right angle) -Basilica -transept -Pilgrimage and Monasticism -mainly religious art (mostly anonymous, no names of painters, architects, carvers ect.) -expression of Medieval Church -spread in Spain along the Camino de Santiago -monumental sculpture is the Romanesque art form par excellence -Santa María la Real, Sangüesa, Navarra. 12 c th -Basilic of St. Isidore, Léon, 11thc. -Almanzor destroyed original church -anonymous/ communal art -didactic purpose -St. Isidore, Léon. Gate of the Lamb 12thc -Tympanum decorated with bas-relief -religious symbolism: Abraham and Isaac -Zodiac as Christian allegories: -Juan Pérez de Moya, Secret Philosophy (1585) -Four interpretations: -literal/ historical -allegorical -anagogical (spiritual) -tropological (Christian tradition) -in an allegory, a visible fact is signified by another visible fact -in an anagoge, from a visible fact, an invisible is declared -Frómista, Palencia St. Martin’s Church (1066-1085) -built according to abstract principles of geometry -triangle  trinity -square  earth -circle  heavens th -Monastery of Silos, mid-12 c. “Then saith eh to Thomas, reach hither thy finger, and behold my hands; and reach hither thy hand,
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