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ESP-1101 November 20th, 2013.docx

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University of Ottawa
Jos� Mar�a Ruano De La Haza

ESP-1101 November 20 , 2013h Second voyage (1493): -Fort Navidad burnt to the ground -39 Spaniards were dead -survivors wanted revenge and reported on cruelty and cannibalism of Caribs -Caribs could now be enslaved without from moralists (including Isabella who thought of herself as the protector of the Indians) -natives were not responding to evangelisation and were inefficient work force -natives were to be converted or exported as slaves, as was done in the Canary islands -European corps- wheat, wine and sugar cane- planted on the islands -wheat useless, there -only really sugar cane was successful in the west indies “Columbus, who could not anticipate the impact of the cultural shock if imposing Old-World values in America, was guilty of misjudgement rather than wickedness” – Felipe Fernández Armesto Third voyage (1498): Isaiah, 60:9 “Surely the isles shall wait for me, and the ships of Tarshish first, to bring thy sons from far, their silver and their gold with them, unto the name of the LORD thy God, and to the Holy One of Israel, because he hath glorified thee.” -Voyage dedicated to the Holy Trinity. When he sighted three hills in the horizon, he called the island Trinidad -discovery of Oricono: “I believe this is a very large… Columbus’ diary…? -Columbus thinks that the Orinoco is one toff the four rivers flowing out of the earthly paradise Gen 2:10 “And a river went out of Eden to water the garden; and from thence it was parted, and became into four heads.” “Now I observed the very great variation which I have described and because of it began to ponder this matter of the shape of the world. And I concluded that it was not round in the way the y say, but is of the same shape as a pear, which may be very round all over, but not in the part where the stalk is, which sticks up. Or it is as if someone had a very round ball, and at one point on its surface it was as if it has a woman’s nipple put there; and this teat-like part would be most prominent and nearest to the sky” -1500 Columbus sent back to Spain in chains by Francisco de Bobadilla -1502: appointment of first Governor, Nicolás de Ovando. Arrived with 2’5000 settlers Fourth voyage 1502: -four caravels objective: finding a route to the Orient through the northern part of the Carribean -before leaving, he had proposed to the Catholic monarchs to recover Jerusalem -wrote a book -Book of Manual of Authorities, Sayings, Pronouncements and Prophecies concerning the matter of the recovery of the Holy city of Zion, the Mount of God, and concerning the discovery and conversions of the islands of India and all their peoples and nations for the Spanish monarchs -it included: Biblical and patristic texts about Ophir, Tarshish, islands, etc -eclipses observed by Columbus -Seneca’s Medea: Jason’s pilot Typhis “will discover a now world and then Thule will
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