CHAPTER 10- STEIN AND STEIN
Witchcraft- Definition; It is a term that defines what is wrong and immoral.
A witch is someone who brings misfortune to members of a community.
A witch wills death and destruction. The source of the evil is a supernatural power that lies
within the body of the witch.
A person who behaves in an antisocial behaviour is a good target for people to start thinking she
is a witch...she acts weird so she must be a witch.
Sorcerer; performs magic rituals
WHY DO SMALL-SCALE SOCIETIES BELIEVE IN WITCHCRAFT?
1) It provides an explanation for the unexplainable
2) It provides a set of cultural behaviours for dealing with misfortune
3) It serves to define morality
CHRISTIANS- CATHOLIC---- They identify witches by; people who renounced the Catholic faith
and devoted themselves to the devil. They think that these ‘’witches’’ have powers because they
made a pact with the devil.
IN EUROPE, Witchcraft was becoming seen as a mixture of sorcery and witchcraft....it is then
that witchcraft became a crime against not only society but GOD.
***WITCHCRAZE; END OF THE MIDDLE AGES (1450)...LASTED FOR ABOUT 200 YEARS!!
READINGS FROM THE ENCYCLOPEDIA
- Between 12th and 18th century
- The Catholic Church developed a Catholic Inquisition in the late medieval era (it
persecuted herectics, burned it’s victims but killed very few women)
- Witch hunt= occurring during the centuries following the Reformation and were
conducted by secular bodies (Church started to deteriorate around 16th century due to
wars... small illegitimate courts start to try people for witches and the death toll became
- Witch hunt was done in sporadic segments
- Great European Witch Hunt; 1580-1630 (15 000 executions of records founds + non
found records= 40-60 000)