Question/ interrogative tragedy. Challenges the audience perspective on certain subject matter (
Gender, Nationality, Social.) Different motivations between humans and Gods. Hippolytus and
Humans try to do the right things (harsh human behaviour.) Gods wants revenge and are
negative aspect. Circumstances are fundamental especially in tragedy.
Frogs p.136 and onwards
Mentions how Euripides writes and questions audience’s perspective.
Old Comedy: Added to festival after Athenian democracy (486 BC) Dioniosa and 442 BC
Lynia. Old Comedy dealt with political and social questions of the day in a humorous sand
critical way. Comedy became more prominent during the Petoponesian war between Athens
and Spartans between 431-404 BC. Lysistrata (women have sex war, not having sex until
system reforms attitude towards women.)
Loosely based plot, hero confronting problem, larger than life plan (fantastical.) Hero goes
through plan. 2 part of play. Scenes included sex and bathroom jokes, political stabs including
institutions (not tightly connected to story)
Parts of Old Comedy
1. Parabasis: scene which entire chorus or chorus leader or playwright himself speaks as
theatre practitioner directly to audience satyring political figures or institutions. If chorus
they take off costumes, stop action of play, walk to edge of stage( the lip) and speak
directly to “ Joke person,” if present at performance.
2. Agon: Conflict between two characters, physical confrontation. Example: Frogs is a
debate between Euripides and Aeschylus.
3. Chorus much large, 24 members, usually split into two groups of 12. Unison enters
through paradoi singing and dancing. Usually related to nature (frogs, birds.)
Sole survivor Aristophanes: middle class, took a role in politica