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Lecture

Detailed Lecture Notes for Chapter 1

3 Pages
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Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANT101H5
Professor
Heather Miller

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Lecture 1
Chapter 1 Lecture
Definition
Anthropology the study of humans (all times, all places, all aspects of
humanity)
Anthropologists are interested in biology and culture
Paleontologists are not anthropologists because they focus on dinosaurs
o Has many of the same techniques as anthropologists
Holistic Discipline
Anthropology is a holistic discipline
Incorporating all aspects or perspectives on an issues instead of only one
Anthropology is both comparative and particularistic
Comparative -
o Focus on comparing different groups of people
o Past and present
o Beliefs
o Similarities and differences
Particularistic
o Very interested in a particular group of people
o How their society, culture changes or not changes over time
o Interested in understanding particular systems and societies
o Ie. Youth culture in North America or South Asia
Relativistic
o Interested in why people in one culture/society will judge the beliefs,
behaviors, practices of other societies as good or bad, right or right
o Ethnocentrism is another name for this
o Values of why this came about
Both advantage and disadvantage
o Acquire a very diverse background
4 Traditional Sections/Divisions
Social-cultural anthropology
Linguistic anthropology
Biological (physical) anthropology
Archaeology
(Others… forensics, medical, etc.)
Biocultural Approach in Anthropology
That both biology and culture are both important in understanding humans
both present and past, and understanding human evolution
Culture
All aspects of human beliefs, behaviors, and material culture
Material cultures are basically objects
Ie. Technology, language, social roles, family structures

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Description
Lecture 1 Chapter 1 Lecture Definition  Anthropology – the study of humans (all times, all places, all aspects of humanity)  Anthropologists are interested in biology and culture  Paleontologists – are not anthropologists because they focus on dinosaurs o Has many of the same techniques as anthropologists Holistic Discipline  Anthropology is a holistic discipline  Incorporating all aspects or perspectives on an issues instead of only one  Anthropology is both comparative and particularistic  Comparative - o Focus on comparing different groups of people o Past and present o Beliefs o Similarities and differences  Particularistic o Very interested in a particular group of people o How their society, culture changes or not changes over time o Interested in understanding particular systems and societies o Ie. Youth culture in North America or South Asia  Relativistic o Interested in why people in one culture/society will judge the beliefs, behaviors, practices of other societies as good or bad, right or right o Ethnocentrism is another name for this o Values of why this came about  Both advantage and disadvantage o Acquire a very diverse background 4 Traditional Sections/Divisions  Social-cultural anthropology  Linguistic anthropology  Biological (physical) anthropology  Archaeology  (Others… forensics, medical, etc.) Biocultural Approach in Anthropology  That both biology and culture are both important in understanding humans both present and past, and understanding human evolution Culture  All aspects of human beliefs, behaviors, and material culture  Material cultures are basically objects  Ie. Technology, language, social roles, family structures Lecture 1  Culture is learned and transmitted by non-biological means (ie. Not genetic) Enculturation  The process by which individuals (usually children) learn the cultural beliefs and values in their societi
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