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ANT101H5 Lecture Notes - Enculturation

Course Code
Heather Miller

of 2
Remember on how to read the book – focus on the very beginning and
the end of each chapter of the book.
Test hints – focus on big picture ideas. The textbook has a set of flash
cards – USE THOSE! If you see a topic covered in the lecture, textbook
and practical.
Anthropologists are interested in the role of BIOLOGY and culture and
in understanding humans.
1. What is the biocultural approach to anthropology? Both biology and
culture in the present are important to understanding humans. They’re
important if you want to understand the human body has evolved as
well as human behavior.
{Culture} – all aspects about human beliefs, behavior and material
culture. Ex – technology, traditions, social roles, family structures.
Culture is LEARNED and TRANSMITTED through NON biological means
{Enculturation}- the process by which individuals and usuall children in
most societies – in which they learn the CULTURAL beliefs from their
society. The way values and beliefs are transmitted in a society. It is in
combination with EVOLUTION.
{Evolution} – BIOLOGICAL changes in the GENETIC structure of the
population from 1 generation to the next.
{Biocultural Evolution} – the way biology and culture have intereacted
and continued to do so to affect the direction of HUMAN EVOLUTION.
{Biocultural Adaptation} – physiological or behavioral (biological or
cultural) adjustments MADE by organisms (humans) made in response
to the environment.
Note – there are different ways and essential explanatory methods to
explain the creation of the world through scientific methods or religious
A method of doing research that essentially involves several steps.
a. Research – accumulate DATA
b. Hypothesis – ALL HYPOTHESES must be TESTABLE!
c. Facts or Explanation
d. Conclusion or Summing Up
Theory – defined on page 15.
A well-established and generally accepted explanation (an accepted
hypothesis) which
(1) has been well-supported by testing,
(2) explains ALL existing facts, and
(3) can provide predictions about new data.
Archaeologists have become more involved with
Anthropologists works and specifically tourism.