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Lecture 1

ANT101H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Molecular Anthropology, Primatology, Osteology


Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANT101H5
Professor
Sherry Fukuzawa
Lecture
1

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ANT 101H
Chapter.1
INTRODUCTION TO BIOLOGICAL ANTHROPOLOGY & ARCHAEOLOGY
What is Anthropology?
The study of the human experience from multiple perspectives (Lewis et al., 2013)
A holistic approach to humankind
Encompasses both CULTURE AND BIOLOGY
Anthropos – “human”
Logos – “study of”
The BIOCULTURAL APPROACH
CULTURE
Human behavior that is learned and shared by members of a society
Not biologically inherited
We learn the values, beliefs, norms, etc., when we were at infancy:
enculturation
Evolutionary perspective
Adaption to an environment
Scientific method
Evolution: a change in the genetic makeup of a population from one generation
to the next
Human evolution: biological interactions have resulted:
oIncreased brain size, reorganization of neurological structures, decreased
tooth size, etc…
4 subfields of Anthropology
1. Sociocultural
-Holistic study of human behavior
-Ethnographies: study of non-western society(traditionally)/descriptive studies of
human societies
-Cross cultural studies (ethnologies)
2. Linguistics
-The study of human speech and language
-includes both the origins of language in general and analysis of specific
languages (Lewis et al., 2013)
-identify language families and past relationships between human populations
oencode many meanings: geographical origin, identity, and social class
There is an intricate link between language with culture
3. Archaeology
The study of material remains left by cultures, primarily of the past
-Pre-historical : study cultures that existed before the invention of writing
-Historical: examine archaeological and documents with written evidence
-Public archeology: Arch.research conducted for the public good as part of
cultural resource management(CRM) and heritage management programs
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