ANT101H5 Lecture 1: lec1 intro (복구됨)

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11 Feb 2016
School
Department
Course
ANT 101H
INTRODUCTION TO BIOLOGICAL ANTHROPOLOGY &
ARCHAEOLOGY
What is Anthropology?
The study of the human experience from multiple perspectives (Lewis
et al., 2013)
A holistic approach to humankind
Encompasses both CULTURE AND BIOLOGY-biocultural
Anthropos – “human
Logos – “study of”
The BIOCULTURAL APPROACH
CULTURE
- Human behavior that is learned and shared by members of a
society
- Not biologically inherited
- It is learned and transmitted from one generation to another
- Biology makes culture possible—developing culture further
in9uences the direction of biological evolution---culture is
learned and passed down through generations
- Species- they interbreed to produce o;spring
- Society- a group of people who share a common culture
- Enculturation- people as children learn the values of others in
their society
Evolutionary perspective
Adaption to an environment—adaptation
Scienti<c method-when a problem is found, it is to solve it
through analysis and study
FOUR subelds of Anthropology broad concept
1.Sociocultural
- Holistic study of human behavior
- Ethnographies—descriptive studies of human societies—the study of
non-Western societies
- Cross cultural studies(ethnologies)—demography
- started with the enlightenment of the 18th century
- urban anthropology: the study of inner cities
- medical anthropology: relationship between cultural attributes and
health and disease
- applied anthropology:
2. Linguistics
The study of human speech and language
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