ANT101H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 14: Sexual Dimorphism, Ubeidiya, Levantine Corridor
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ANT101 – Lecture 14 – Early Homo & genus Homo
For Midterm Test – Focus on Chapter 9 & 10! – but cover everything else.
Opportunistic tools 5 – 2.5 mya
Manuports: Unaltered objects carried some distance before use
With the changes in environment we start to see the occurrence of
Occurred 1.8 mya in Pleistocene
First to exist outside Africa – African origin
oHas an impressive longevity
East African H. erectus (h.ergaster)
•Nariokotome, West Turkana – aka Turkana Boy
•1984 Kamoya Kimeu
•WT 15000 (Nariokotome boy)
•Boy approx. 12 y.o.
•Stature 5’3” – quite tall for a child, would have reached 6 foot
•Postcranial similar to modern humans
•880 cc – quite larger capacity for a juvenile
•most complete juvenile skeleton
Issues at Turkana – h. ergaster or h. erectus?
Large amount of variation – is it more than one species?
Too large for one species? Groves & Mazak (1975)
•Smaller brow ridges
•Shorter & stockier
•Larger brow ridges
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