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Lecture 14

ANT101H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 14: Sexual Dimorphism, Ubeidiya, Levantine Corridor

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Sherry Fukuzawa

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ANT101 – Lecture 14 – Early Homo & genus Homo
For Midterm Test – Focus on Chapter 9 & 10! – but cover everything else.
Opportunistic tools 5 – 2.5 mya
Manuports: Unaltered objects carried some distance before use
With the changes in environment we start to see the occurrence of
genus Homo
Homo Erectus
Occurred 1.8 mya in Pleistocene
First to exist outside Africa – African origin
oHas an impressive longevity
East African H. erectus (h.ergaster)
Nariokotome, West Turkana – aka Turkana Boy
1984 Kamoya Kimeu
WT 15000 (Nariokotome boy)
1.6 mya
Boy approx. 12 y.o.
Stature 5’3” – quite tall for a child, would have reached 6 foot
Postcranial similar to modern humans
880 cc – quite larger capacity for a juvenile
most complete juvenile skeleton
Issues at Turkana – h. ergaster or h. erectus?
Large amount of variation – is it more than one species?
Too large for one species? Groves & Mazak (1975)
African specimens
Bones thinner
Smaller brow ridges
Asian specimens
Shorter & stockier
Larger brow ridges
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