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Fourth note

Course Code
Jennifer Jackson

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Time and personhood
Marcel Mauss (Zuñi and Kwakiutl)
Charles Piot - Kabre of northern Togo (individual vs dividual)
Edmond Leach on time
J. Parry on Aghori ascetic of Benares
Concept of time and person is not universal
Way that time and personhood are socially constructed
Anthropology of time
Marcel was first to draw attention to dimensions of person and self
Concept of the self that has emerged in different societies around the globe
In relation to things Ike systems of law, religion, customs, social structures and
Argues that the concept of the self is a relatively recent concept (something new) -
new understanding of a man's place in the universe
Drawing evidence from Zuni and Kwakiutl
Limited number of forenames each clan
Limited number of roles played
Many people play the same roles and share the same forenames
Clans are conceived of being made up a certain number of roles
For these and other groups, the notion of the person or the individual is absorbed into
the clan - there is no highly developed sense of a self
Self is submerged within a clan - domination
Individuals are role players, but have very little number of roles that can actually be
If concept of self is not universal, where does it come from?
India, China and in the west among ancient Romans
West - person is more than a name or a role-player (law as persona, rights of each
person were guaranteed)
Greeks - morality ideas
Christianity - made the person into a metaphysical entity
Notion of self has changed over time
Charles Piot - interested in notion of person in Togo
Works with Kabre
Difference in notion of self
Here we are seen as individuals - bounded beings that exist with an inner core, unique
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