lecture 02

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Published on 8 Oct 2011
School
UTM
Department
Anthropology
Course
ANT102H5
Professor
Anthropology The Etymology of Culture lecture 2
May, 12, 2011
Entomology: is the study of words
The Etymology of Culture
1. From Middle English, via Middle French, via
Latin cultura, via Latin colere.
2. Four basic meanings of “culture”:
1. Colonia (colony) = Inhabitation
2. Cultivare (to till) = To farm, religious cult
3. Cultus (cult) = Honour & worship
4. Cultura (tending something) = Tending ex. Bacterial cultures in a Petri
dish
Three Domains of Culture
1. Material
E.g., tools, containers, furniture, architecture, clothing, art, writing (odwan
tools earliest form of tools)
2. Behavioural
E.g., NVC, speaking, eating, working, playing,ritual, emoting(observable,
recordable, chains of events and patterns of interactions) speaking and body
language but not language because language is an abstract concept.
3. Cognitive(mental, psychological)
E.g., rules, language, classifications, value systems, schemas, laws ex. How
we classify color and relations based on a question bases, also pattern ways
of thinking (you can directly observe it but deduce it by patterns)
Culture is Adaptive
1. Independent of genotypic change (EVOLUTION)
2. More responsive to environmental change because of culture we can live
in tropical jungles or the arctic/( heat or cold) we will build shelter and hunt
for fur and not wait for genotipcal change for our bodies to grow fur
3. Allows for imitation of other species’adaptations, and allows population,
fish in water we can sumerines; we can make teethes sharper then the
sharpest teeths we have the ability to top the best of natures offering with
manipulating it
4. Requires observation, imitation ,experimentation, pedagogy, imagination,
student teacher relationship ex. Do you understand that and we can say yes
or no that can only be found in humans
5. Allows for adaptations to be transmitted, learned, stored, revised, we
wouldn’t be able to do all these complex things without our brains, as they
play a huge part in our cognitive and intellectual behaviour
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Document Summary

The etymology of culture: from middle english, via middle french, via. Latin cultura, via latin colere: four basic meanings of culture , colonia (colony) = inhabitation, cultivare (to till) = to farm, religious cult, cultus (cult) = honour & worship, cultura (tending something) = tending ex. E. g. , tools, containers, furniture, architecture, clothing, art, writing (odwan tools earliest form of tools: behavioural. E. g. , nvc, speaking, eating, working, playing,ritual, emoting(observable, recordable, chains of events and patterns of interactions) speaking and body language but not language because language is an abstract concept: cognitive(mental, psychological) E. g. , rules, language, classifications, value systems, schemas, laws ex. How we classify color and relations based on a question bases, also pattern ways of thinking (you can directly observe it but deduce it by patterns) That complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, morals, law, custom, and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society.