lecture 05

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Published on 8 Oct 2011
School
UTM
Department
Anthropology
Course
ANT102H5
Professor
Anthroplogy lecture 05, Culture and Economics
MAY,24,2011
Adaptive strategy
1. Hunting‐gathering / foraging
2. Horticulture
3. Intensive Agriculture
4. Pastoralism
5. Industrial food production
Economic systems
1. Production
2. Distribution
3. Exchange
4. (Consumption)
1. Foraging / Hunting‐gathering( Dominant mode of human life up until 12 thousand years,
adaptive strategies based on the division of sex) aquatics foraging( fishing)
(Feed-as-you-lack of sharing before foraging)
-BANDS- societies smaller than 100 ppl groups
-world view of hunter gather is animalistic (WORLDS surrounded by spirits)
-also practice shaninsim( practice of healing)
1. Food foraging a complex adaptation
2. Mostly nomadic life‐style
3. Low population densities
4. Families, bands
5. Animism & shamanism
*Ju/’hoansi(Botswana), father away from equator the more meat in diets of hunter
gatherers
-when people are nomadic( keeping trim) they are slim because there constantly moving
-women need a certain amount of fat to ovulate that why they take kids off the shoulder to
gain some fat
Babenzele Pygmies(Central African Republic)
-use poison , hunts reptiles, monkeys
Andaman Islands(India)
-hunted seal and sea animals
-aquatic hunter gatherers
Haida (Queen Charlotte Islands, B.C., Canada)
-?
2. Horticulture* most efficient in cal. Gain then cal. Used
1.Gardening [swidden, slash & burn,shifting cultivation]
2.Crops [vegetative propagation] potatoes, tapioca- staple ground items
3.Simple technologies [hoe, stick, knife], no ploughing is involved, don’t alter the earth as
mcuh
4.Extensive use of land [fallow]-it requires a lot of land because its constant moving (BOX
IMAGE) because plants stop growing after a couple years, so they have to move
5.Lineages, villages [internecine warfare], kinship based
– e.g., Yanomamo, Tsembaga Maring
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Document Summary

Adaptive strategy: hunting gathering / foraging, horticulture, intensive agriculture, pastoralism, industrial food production. Economic systems: production, distribution, exchange, (consumption, foraging / hunting gathering( dominant mode of human life up until 12 thousand years, adaptive strategies based on the division of sex) aquatics foraging( fishing) (feed-as-you-lack of sharing before foraging) World view of hunter gather is animalistic (worlds surrounded by spirits) Also practice shaninsim( practice of healing: food foraging a complex adaptation, mostly nomadic life style, low population densities, families, bands, animism & shamanism. *ju/"hoansi(botswana), father away from equator the more meat in diets of hunter gatherers. When people are nomadic( keeping trim) they are slim because there constantly moving. Women need a certain amount of fat to ovulate that why they take kids off the shoulder to gain some fat. Haida (queen charlotte islands, b. c. , canada: horticulture* most efficient in cal. 2. crops [vegetative propagation] potatoes, tapioca- staple ground items.