ANT102H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 20: Word Formation

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Published on 15 Nov 2018
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November 14, 2018
ANT102
LECTURE MORPHOLOGY
Phonology is study of sounds of language without considering meaning
Morphemes is the smallest segments that carry meaning
They can be isolated and their meanings identified by essentially simple procedure of
contrast and comparison
After initial identification of these segments there may be problems in determining whether
those are similar in form have meanings in common and vice versa
Identifying morphemes:
Morphemes may be short single sometimes or several phonemes in length in some
cases
They are minimal building blocks whose meanings can be identified
In all languages words are made of morphemes
These occur in orderly sequence and combine according to rules of order
Example:
Yester + day john ran a + way with the bake + er + s young +er daughter
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
Some people suggest that (1) yester- (otherwise occurring only in yesteryear) is not
separable
Yesteryear should be considered a single element
(4) ran includes a past-tense marked by change of vowel of present tense form (run)
Divide (5) a and (6) way considering away to be irreducible unit
(14) daughter could be divided in daught and er similar to father, brother,sister
In any language morphemes is finite in number
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