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ANT102H5 (500)
Lecture 20

Lecture Notes-November 19.docx


Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANT102H5
Professor
Dylan Clark
Lecture
20

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November 19, 2014
The nation state is recent - 200 years at most.
One might feel a connection with some one who is dead, or not even born yet.
This is an imagined community
Greene argues that language is crucial to the language state
Greene says that everyone on earth spoke dialects and no one identified it as
Spanish, Italian, etc.
Before, through villages, most people look and take the same as other villages
beside them.
From one end to another everything was dialect
“Italy” is a recent political achievement
Only 2% of people in Italy speak Italian
Most of the people in WW1 didn’t speak what we now call French
Strong central states has powerful effects
oEx. Spain, England, and France
The states began to standardize languages as French, English, etc.
The printing press was created and changed the way of copying. Rather than
writing copies by hand it allowed mass production of vernacular languages.
Because many people didn’t have access to languages, however, after they were
able to develop their languages through printed languages
A newspaper assumes that you are Canadian; it hails you as a member of a
country. It speaks by saying “hello, here is what happen in your country today,
this is why it should be important to you”
Greene talks about industrialization that makes a nation
Mass production in these areas brought foreign speakers into the areas
Industry required interchangeable persons so that they could be trained and
taught.
Standardized education
Public schools using printed material to teach language.
French Revolution
Imagined for the first time an equality of people.
Mass Media
The printed books, newspapers, etc.
The importance of radio and TV were ways to produce a sense of standard
language.
The idea the we share currency and exchange it are powerful was of
implementing the state and language
Israel
No one spoke Hebrew, but it existed as a written language.
There were migrants and didn’t have a languafranca, however, Hebrew became
the languafranca.
Children are the ones that modernized what the language of Hebrew is today.
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