Lecture Notes-November 24.docx
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November 24, 2014
•“Power”-is put into quotes to denaturalize it.
•We want to see power as weird, rather than concrete
•In many societies men are seen as more powerful than woman. However, in other
societies it is the opposite
•People parasitically attach themselves to signs of power.
oEx. Gold, car, diamonds, Rolex
•Signs and symbols help make that person legible to signs of power
•For persons and states alike power is performative
•Power determines the distribution of wealth, and labour in a society
•Politics is secure both in force and in consent
oForce-violence or threat
•Power tends to be hegemonic (hegemony)
•The way hegemony works is by sharing rewards unevenly-ex. Rewarding men
differently than woman-, hailing- people are asked to “recognize” themselves (Ex.
Canadian, working-class, etc).
Reciprocity and power
•(Unka’s big mocka) To be successful as a politician, you must give away the
most. Even though it is the accomplishment of the whole society.
•The gift of public services distributes public services and goods such as,
•These gifts have the name of the state on the service.
•The leader or the state is the biggest gift giver that can only be repaid by taxes,
•The identity, belief, and culture are political. In this sense…
oGender is political
•Kinship is also a political moment where we “recognize” ourselves.
•Thus, the most mundane rituals of the self can actually be political rituals
•For conclusion, power is everywhere
oPower is not the political ruling
oPower is not possessed
oPower is produced in all levels of society
oPower is produced in everyday life
oConsuming the “savages”
oCulture as commodity
oPolitics of representation, of “knowing” of classifying (Ex. Savages,
•Question: how is culture commodified?
oTourism, TV, sports food
oAnd race, gender religion
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