ANT102H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 17: Sociolinguistics

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25 Nov 2015
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ANT102H5 Full Course Notes
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ANT102H5 Full Course Notes
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Communication differences between genders approaches to study (sociolinguistics, linguistic/semantic) communication is very similar, no pattern exclusive to one gender differences are more found in tendencies or frequencies context: cultural and situational pronunciation: intonation, women"s intonation is more dynamic. Why? indicates emotion, serves to attract and hold listener"s attention grammatical variants: results are inconsistent, can"t generalize. Modal tags (speaker-oriented) are used more by men (i. e. asking confirmation) vocabulary affective tags (addressee-orientated) are used more by women (i. e. soften criticism) hedge words: signify uncertainty/indecisiveness (i. e. perhaps, maybe, could, should) Women use these more often because of socialization towards "politeness" Women use these more often not because of exaggeration but because of meaning gender-related conversational styles: socializing into different gender cultures , formed specifically in context of male dominance. Men"s speech is normal , women"s needs to be explained. Men more silent in discussion of emotions. Interruptions (cutting off) vs overlap (start talking as other person finishes)

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