ANT200 (Sept 27).docx

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26 Apr 2012
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Topic 4: Data Processing and Organization (Ch. 5: 115-122, Ch.6)
~Tedious and involves repetitive actions
- Data Processing
o Conservation (reserve and preserve for future generations)
o Cleaning (boring aspect of archaeology...)
o Sorting
o Cataloguing
o Distributions
- Conservation
- Cleaning
o Destruction can occur if cleaning is not done properly
o Brushing with old toothbrushes
- Sorting
o Important aspect
o Narrowing down to smaller and smaller categories
o Preliminary sorting can be done on the field; bag artifacts in different bags
- Cataloguing
o Can be done on the field, but usually done in the lab
o Making sure provenience stay with the artifact; location with artifact
o Takes artifact and write everything on it...in some institutions
Two problems: takes forever; writing small and legibly
o Write a small number on the artifact that correlates to info written on a form
Square, feature, level/stratum, excavator, cataloguer, date excavated, date
catalogued
Catalogue #, artifact code, description, # of pieces, weight, comments
- Distributions
Data Organization
- Sorting by Category
o Artifacts
o Ecofacts (leftover and waste left by humans accidently)
o Features
- Artifacts
o Lithic tools (lithic means stone)
o Ceramics (anything made from clay)
o Metal tools
o Faunal tools (made from parts of animals)
o Floral tools (made from parts of plants)
- Lithic tools
o Chipped lithics
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