ANT200 (Oct 4).docx

20 views2 pages
26 Apr 2012
School
Department
Course
Professor
www.archaeology.utoronto.ca
Topic 5: Data Analysis
- Data Analysis
o “a stage in archaeological research design in which data are isolated, described, and
structured, usually via typological classification…” (Ashmore and Sharer 2009)
o Imposition of structure on data
o Examining the patterning of variables, values & classes (a lot are statistical)
- Units of archaeology
o Empirical: material evidence, attributes
o Analytical: variables and values
o Inferential: anthropological units
- Attribute
o Observable and measureable characteristic/trait of material evidence
- Scales of variables and values (increase in statistical power)
o Nominal
o Ordinal
o Interval
o Ratio
- Nominal variables
o Unordered sets of values
o Example: class list, variables = names
o E.g. variable: surface texture
Values: smooth/rough
- Ordinal variables
o Qualitatively ordered set
o E.g. variable: decorative complexity
Values: plain, simple, complex
- Interval variables
o Quantitatively ordered sets with arbitrary zero
o E.g. variable: calendar dates
Values: 0 B.C, 1 A.D
- Ratio variables
o Quantitatively zero…
o E.g. variable: length in mm
Values: 0, 1, 2, 3
o Measuring ceramic vessel
- Lithic technology
o Removing flakes from cores with hammer in controlled manner using principle of
conchoidal fracture
o Core and flake : platform angle (ratio variable)
Unlock document

This preview shows half of the first page of the document.
Unlock all 2 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get OneClass Notes+

Unlimited access to class notes and textbook notes.

YearlyBest Value
75% OFF
$8 USD/m
Monthly
$30 USD/m
You will be charged $96 USD upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.