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Garbology (Rathje and Murphy 2010)

- In 1979, the artist and writer David Maculay published Motel of the Mysteries

o Set of cartoon

o Motel of the mysteries is like the

- Motel of the mysteries

o ‘Howard Carson’

o Heinrich Schliemann: Troy

o Howard Carter: Tut’s tomb

o Spoof: In 4022 AD, Carson found “funerary complex” – ruins consisting of rooms and

chambers full of modern things

- Archaeological analogy

o Applies in all dimensions, not just Space

- Dimensions of inference

o Formal: what is, are, etc;

o Temporal: time, or chronology

o Spatial (to be covered in today’s lecture)

- Spatial inference

o Inference based on provenience and context

- Assumption

o Variation in space will be clinal, (vary evenly in space) unless other factors intervene

(with humans, other factors always intervene)

- Clinal variation in space (gradient from yellow to black background example)

- Random distribution of points (Clusters of artifacts)

- Late woodland 1 (AD 500- 1000)in Princess point

- Point – pattern analysis (not concern of actual statistics, but the assumption of randomness)

o ‘the study of spatial patterns starts from the assumption of randomness

o Random: distance is everywhere and varies

o Regular: even distance from each other in a grid

o Cluster: distances amongst points are highly variable

- Point pattern analysis

o Distance analysis

o Quadrat analysis

- Distance analysis (also known as nearest neighbour analysis)

o Measure the distance from each point to its nearest neighbour

o Do statistical test where R = ‘randomness’ apply 1

o If it is even or regular, the R value will be greater than 1 (R>1)

o If it’s cluster, the value will be less than 1 (R<1)

- Crawford lake area: middle Iroquoian sites

o AD 1300 – 1425

o R<1 (clusters)

- Quadrat analysis