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ANT205H5 Lecture Notes - Observer-Expectancy Effect, Naturalistic Observation, Scientific Literature

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Carolan Wood

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Critical Thinking and Problem Solving
Any discipline
o Methods, theories, published articles etc.
o Also evidence
Particularly in forensic sciences
o Serious consequences
o Produce chain of evidence strong enough to provide a solution
Evaluating quality, reliability, value of info
Evaluating articles, documents, witnesses, websites
Distinguish good source from bad
Good argument from poor
Logical basis for decisions
Problem solving
How does forensic anthro use critical thinking for decisions or problem
solving? ** or how do they use it in other disciplines? **
Forensic Anthro and critical thinking
Design search strategies
Determine best way to recover remains
o Without damaging or losing evidence
o Recovering all evidence, even in time sensitive situations
o Forensic significance
o Evaluate methods of sex, age, ancestry, stature
o Confirm or refute identification
o Interpret evidence at scene
o Death incident is it primary or secondary scene
o Burial/deposition incident evaluate intent
o Subsequent events, eg scavenging
o Evaluate damage done to bone
o Establish manner/mode of death
6 Steps of a Critical Analysis
Clarify meaning
Examine methodology
Consider results
Examine conclusions
Is argument consistent reliable and probable?
Step 1: overview of article
Read abstract or intro and conclusion
o What author is trying to do? How? Did they succeed?
Are conclusions linked back to purpose, significance, goals and hypotheses?
Will need to do this in assignment **
Type of statement
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