ANT214H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Fertile Crescent, Inuit, Ethiopian Highlands

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10 Jan 2018
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Ant214 lecture 3 agricultural revolutions & its consequences. Hypotheses: where, when, and how, how did agriculture change human negative outcomes. Less nomadic: moving and gathering, hunting for food. Neolithic: dawn of agriculture, origins of agriculture. From 12 000 years ago: matter of slow change, different areas in the world progressed at different times, happened at different times worldwide, independently. Early evidence - natufian: ~11 500 years ago, tool kits for harvesting and grinding, ancestors were preparing foods in new ways with these tool kits. Intensive use of wild cereals: not using domesticated grains, they were still hunting too, having integration of both in their diet. Increased social complexity: stops being nomadic, need to have people living in a smaller, controlled area in order to increase social communication. Plant domestication: gradual domestication of plants overtime, humans are interfering in some way.

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