ANT214H5 Lecture 3: ANT214 – LECTURE 3 - Agricultural Revolution and Its Consequences

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24 Mar 2018
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Ant214 lecture 3 - agricultural revolution and its consequences. More reliant on marine life and less spread out on landscape. Neolithic from 12,000 years ago happened at different times worldwide, independently gradual adoption of agriculture. 1st definite evidence of agriculture: leavantine coast of mediterranean sea. Yields harvests that provide long-term storage of food. Seeds remain attached to ear by a toughened rachis during harvesting. Wild vs. cultivated wheat (cultivation you want easy to pick wheat) Domestication: when plants and animals become dependent upon human intervention for survival. Unconsciously natural selection and species response to human activities and methodical selective breeding and generally after initial domestication. Domestication of animals: changing the traits at the genetic level desired by humans. Geographic distribution - bring them from an area they never were before or see a greater cluster of specific animals. Emergence of a class of producers whose surplus benefits a ruling class people who own the land vs. those who worked it.

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