Introduction to Biological Anthropology and Archaeology What is Anthropology?
*Anthropos - “human”
*Logos/ legein - “to speak of (knowingly)”
*Anthropology = the study of humanity
What is Anthropology?
Anthropology is the study of humankind in all places and in all times Anthropologists are
interested in all aspects of humanity and human nature
Ex. Cave= archaeology
The subfields of Anthropology?
-Socio cultural Anthropology
Socio cultural Anthropology
*The branch of anthropology that focuses on humans as culture-making species
* Culture is a set of learned behaviours, beliefs, attitudes, values and ideals that are
characteristics of a particular society or population
Three main types of SC Anthropology
The competitive study of ethnographic data society and culture; cross cultural res.
*The in depth study of a particular culture or group
* Uses field work to acquire data needed for a detailed description of a particular group
- Ethnographers use….
-Informance- talking to people and asking questions like “why do you farm here”?
-a holistic perspective – ethic is an understanding of anthro as a whole and everything
-Ethno history: the interdisciplinary study of the history of native ppl in the Americans
it uses arc evidence, historical documents and indigenous oral histories to understand
Ex. Saint Marie Among the Huron- Midland, Ontario
What is Anthroplogy?
• In Canada, anthro grew from Jesuit records and other missionaries, or explores
• These men recorded detailed descriptions of the people they lived with and
interacted with in Canada
Early Anthro In Canada
• 19 cen. Government employees recorded travels to what were remote parts of
Canada (the Arctic and the Northwest Coast) including interactions with
indigenous peoples they met and interacted with. Early Anthropology in Canada
Daniel Wilson-university of Toronto
George Mercer Dawson – worked for the Geological survey of Canada
*first academic position in the anthro in Canada, university of Toronto, 1925
The study of Languages
*Historical Lig- change in lang. Over time
*struictual or descriptive lang- understanding how contemporary languages
*Sociolinguistics- study of languages in social context