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lecture 01

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Sherry Fukuzawa

ANT 101 Introduction to Biological Anthropology and Archaeology What is Anthropology? *Anthropos - “human” *Logos/ legein - “to speak of (knowingly)” *Anthropology = the study of humanity What is Anthropology? Anthropology is the study of humankind in all places and in all times Anthropologists are interested in all aspects of humanity and human nature Ex. Cave= archaeology The subfields of Anthropology? -Biological anthropology -Archaeology -Socio cultural Anthropology -Linguistics Anthropology -applied anthroplogy Socio cultural Anthropology *The branch of anthropology that focuses on humans as culture-making species * Culture is a set of learned behaviours, beliefs, attitudes, values and ideals that are characteristics of a particular society or population Three main types of SC Anthropology Ethnology The competitive study of ethnographic data society and culture; cross cultural res. Ethnography *The in depth study of a particular culture or group * Uses field work to acquire data needed for a detailed description of a particular group of people Socio-cultural Anthropology - Ethnographers use…. -participant observation -Informance- talking to people and asking questions like “why do you farm here”? -a holistic perspective – ethic is an understanding of anthro as a whole and everything about it -Ethno history: the interdisciplinary study of the history of native ppl in the Americans it uses arc evidence, historical documents and indigenous oral histories to understand culture change Ex. Saint Marie Among the Huron- Midland, Ontario What is Anthroplogy? • In Canada, anthro grew from Jesuit records and other missionaries, or explores trades • These men recorded detailed descriptions of the people they lived with and interacted with in Canada Early Anthro In Canada th • 19 cen. Government employees recorded travels to what were remote parts of Canada (the Arctic and the Northwest Coast) including interactions with indigenous peoples they met and interacted with. Early Anthropology in Canada Daniel Wilson-university of Toronto George Mercer Dawson – worked for the Geological survey of Canada Thomas Mcllwraith *first academic position in the anthro in Canada, university of Toronto, 1925 Anthro Linguistics The study of Languages *Historical Lig- change in lang. Over time *struictual or descriptive lang- understanding how contemporary languages differ *Sociolinguistics- study of languages in social context
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