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Anthro lecture Jan 29th .pdf

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University of Toronto Mississauga
Sherry Fukuzawa

Anthro lecture Jan 29th – archeological dating methods on test – relative dating and absolute dating (know what is what) – strategrophy – radiocarbon dating – potasium argon dating – chart on dating methods in chapter 8 important (use, limitations etc) – chapter 6 primate conservation – couple of questions from lecture on monday – 3-4 questions on chapter 1 – no questions on paleoanthropology Archaeology- Methods for Studying Material Culture Archeology – the study of material remains in order to describe and explain human behaviour – unique because it studies remains – paradime is culture – 3 types of material remains – environmental – remains of human activity – human remains themselves – human remains are also artifacts 4 Goals of Archeology – reconstruct human past across time and space – reconstruct human lifestyles – where and when? – explain how and why the past occurred – interpretation of cognitive and symbolic behaviours of Widening Archaeological Applications – new dating techniques – more accurate dating – we could only talk in relative terms before the 1960s – new archaeology – redefining archaeological aims – cultural resource management – protection of sites – can now absolutely define artifacts because of nuclear technology – NAGPRA – to return any human remains or artifacts to descendants of those first nations people – huge application in Canada Archaeological Analysis – you must recognize things as items used by humans; items that functioned within a cultural system – you must interpret how the items were used or how they functioned in a cultural system – you must integrate each symbol in its proper system and environment Artifact – any object modified by human beings – express a facet of human culture – context is just as important as the artifact itself – context is the spacial and temporal relationship between artifacts – primary or secondary – secondary= moved to another position Typology (type) – a categorization of artifacts to answer specific questions abut a culture Ecofact – items that because associated with a set thr
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