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Lecture

ANT101 - Lecture 1 (Introduction to Anthropology)

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Department
Anthropology
Course
ANT101H5
Professor
Sherry Fukuzawa
Semester
Winter

Description
ANT101 ANT101 – LECTURE 1 ( INTRODUCTION TO BIOLOGICAL    ANTHROPOLOGY & ARCHAEOLOGY)   What is Anthropology? • The study of the human experience from multiple perspectives (Lewis et al., 2013) • A holistic approach to humankind • Encompasses both CULTURE AND BIOLOGY  Anthropos – “human”  Logos – “study of” The BIOCULTURAL APPROACH CULTURE • Human behavior that is learned and shared by members of a society; not  biologically inherited • The way you see the world is a reflection of the way you were raised **  • What is the central paradigm of anthropology? Culture • What is the central paradigm of biological anthropology? Culture • Culture is the central paradigm (ANSWER) for all forms of anthropology  Evolutionary Perspective:  Adaption to an environment  Scientific method  FOUR Subfields of Anthropology    (don’t confuse this w/ subfields of bioanthro)  SLAB 1.Sociocultural • Holistic study of human behavior • Ethnographies – description of human behaviour through the observation of  human groups  Participant Observation (with a holistic approach  create an  ethnology)  What is the difference b/w ethnography and ethnology? Description • Cross cultural studies (ethnologies) 2. Linguistics • The study of human speech and language   Includes both the origins of language in general and analysis of specific  languages (Lewis et al., 2013)  There is an intricate link between language and culture  This is what separates us from primates (language) ANT101 3. Archaeology • The study of material remains left by cultures, primarily of the past  Pre­historical   Historical  Public archeology  What is archaeology ­ it is the examination of material remains ** 4. Biological/Physical Anthropology (SAME THING) • Biological study of humans and their relatives within the framework of evolution  and its relationship to culture  • Includes:  Humans as primates  Human ancestry  Modern human variation Four Subfields of Physical Anthropology POMP 1.Paleoanthropology • Study of huma
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