Class Notes (835,309)
Canada (509,088)
Anthropology (2,035)
ANT102H5 (401)
Victor Barac (106)

Lecture 5

3 Pages
Unlock Document

Victor Barac

ANT102H5S – Introduction to Sociocultural and Linguistic Anthropology Lecture 04 – July 23, 2013 Culture and Economics 2 Intro to today’s lecture: - Adaptive strategies that had an enduring power throughout history - Industrial food production - Economic systems are built upon adaptive strategies - Sometimes economic systems look at consumptions, but is most of the time not considered under economic systems Economic Systems - Eco-nomos – Greek for “house” and “laws” o In a larger sense, applied to societies, it is the providing to societies needs - Production - Distribution - Exchange Production - How goods and services are made o Anything that is made requires three sources: resources, technology and labour - Resources o Things that are naturally occurring objects provided from the earth o Subsistence/ energy/ building materials  Water, air, food  Fire, wood, dung  Wood, stone, metal o Primacy of land o Have to be transformed into a useable form  Example: water needs to be purified; trees need to be chopped - Technology o Tools o Skills, knowledge  Are often embedded in institutions that are passed down - Labour o Work  Chopping wood, plowing fields o Division of labour  How well do the work activities are organized into a well work process  People can be engaged with hunting and gathering  in order to sell products for money, they are part of a market system Division of Labour (not part of lecture slides) - In the 18 century, economics was part of a larger discipline called political economy - One of the major figures in this movement was Adam Smith ANT102H5S – Introduction to Sociocultural and Linguistic Anthropology Lecture 04 – July 23, 2013 o Wrote one of the major economics treatises, the Wealth of Nations o About what constituted the wealth, and questioned why some were living in poverty? - Smith created a work essentially creating the model of discipline of economics - Argued that the division of labour in Britain worked really well for them - In his book, he looked at metal pins o How do you manufacture this? Who does it? How is it done? - He was able to observe the difference in output o 10 workers working for 1 hour is more productive because they rationalized the work load (as opposed to having 1 worker working for 10 hours) o Even though it is the same amount of labour hours, the 10 workers were from 240-4800 more productive - Smith said, in some of the 1 man shops, it took them all day to make 1 pin o Whereas having more workers, they were able to make 480 pins in one day Distribution - Who gets the product? - Ownership o Who grants you the rights of ownship?  Use rights (usufruct)  Usufruct – existence of ownership rights/ access rights  Concept of
More Less

Related notes for ANT102H5

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.