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Lecture

Last lecture.docx

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Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANT102H5
Professor
Lina Samuel

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Imagined Community: refers to the idea that nation are big there are a lot of people TERENCE BANGER: you cant know all the people in a nation there are thousands of people…u cant know them all since u have no personal relationship…but somehow u play a imaginary common descent of the nation integrating ideology…how do u draw or bind people together ideologically. That is what nationalism is- it’s a way of manipulating sentiment inorder to create commonalities and subsunction of differences into one imagine community…and you do this with an integrating ideology…this sentiment is integrated with all sorts of things like songs (eg. National anthem, flags, monuments, celebrations, festivals etc) all make ppl weak it also builds on cultural forms that are essentially communicate books magazines, films, tv – there is always this debate in Canada about culture being drowned in American culture ( we have to protect Canadian culture ) funding things like playboy night. National culture= political issue. National sentiment is often build on very strong military exports…battle of sort of clinge for the existing power…military exports over the centuries (Eg. Greeks-marathon) National ideology…what is rememberance day about what is the history…world war 1 -all of this is pressed into a particular reason…its something to do with something broadly known as national interest…it has to do with which nation is going to control the leaders of power in a state= THAT IS WHAT ITS ABOUT If you control the government the state than you control all aspects of economic activities. --eg. Who are your preferred clients…fix local commodity prices. You control exports 2/3 state budgets are dedicated to controlling these sorts of things and when you add to that the power of setting taxation rate…people realize that government is the best business to be in. Governments are the business that can control.- the control over the resources – economics of the country may or may not lead to conflict. - maybe all segments of pop is satisfied with it. - These national development projects where countries seek investments from outside -geographic development- it will develop in faster rate than others creating a culture disconnect eg. Iran oil industry was developing all of these petrodollars that was flowing into the country much of it was being converted into conspicuous consumptious I.e. the bulk of the pop was in poverty while the others were really really rich Foreigners don’t have much wealth so they don’t fight over it…but when people have wealth they ccare so they start fighting over it National development projects are a source of wealth but wealth is a source of conflict. eg. Country of benine agreed to accept European waste to be in their ditches and dams -- they took in all this industrial waste….it went right in the home riding of the leader of the political opposition…political turmoil…national development ( its good for some in the nation NOT ALL) It can fuel internal conflict Politics of national identitiy= co existence or genocide= they need to find a way to coexist eg. Brazil since 1900 one tribe has disappeared (gone extinct every year) its not because they hate the Indians….we love u we just want ur land…we just want the resources and ur land. Its simple… They startled their gold is found on their land…everyone in that industry is interested in that land… - gold marketing role= that has gone from $200-$1700- there was this recent crash - there was this demand…chinese government invested heavily on Gold - many indigenous people that were sitting on land…were removed…the idea of ur locality is very much linked to international forces and causation…what is happening here is linked to new york… Forest in BC…some body is buying that forest and cutting and making stuff out of it - The struggle for the resources is the principle cause for the refugees crises in the world -Afghanistan, Ethiopia, Iraq, Israel…etc. The industrial world consumes huge RESOURCES ( the resources is the only thing that’s key for them ) -Culture…u can have all the culture u want u just give me the money… Applied Anthropology: practical application of anthropology if you recall at the beginning of the year there was a dinction btw basic vs. applied research…. 4 areas: 1. Medical: done generally 3 basic model: Biomedicl model: scientific epistemology: health as a function of the body…looks at the body as natural…or part of a natural system= the biomedical model rooted in the sciences (MD work by this) - focus is on the human body and its functions. Looks at diseases and health of the function of the body Looks at the health as basically an internal condition- health is conceived as condition internal to the body. If someone is sick the problem is the body ( there is something wrong with the body) CLAUDE BERNARD= French first medical doctor…introduction to study of experimental medicine 1865 elaborated a scientific method – argues that medicine had ot use observation and experiement- induction and deduction…he argued that modern medicine had to practice live surgery of humans and animals --He developed a theory of homeostatsis- theory of equilibrium…the body has various process that maintain a constant temperation ( blood doesn’t go up and down when temp changes…) ---that functioning body has to maintain equilibrium- disease and sickness is a result of disruption…that idea is adopted Emile Durkheim= founders of modern sociology…he adopted bernard’s model of equilibrium to describe society…he used the basis of functionalism= idea that diff organ system that is interconnected is kind of like society…division of labour..he gets his root metaphor for society ( for some its strength for others are fatal flaws and disputes…) they are two diff types of entities Epidemiology= its distribution is in population not just in a single body - they would use demographies, bio statistics to study things like diabetes…this type of research is very common in public health…working hospitals as medical anthropologist attach to this. Medical anthro= one of the growth areas. --getting articles published. The journal is one of the most prestige journal as well. Question: biomedical mode: t has its uses…for centuries it took to develop or crystalize but there are limits to the biomedical model…and this is where cultural interpretative model comes in for the medical anthropologies…it looks at the limits of the biomedical model and moves on from there eg. Tenant in my house who is an older guy and is kind of a weirdo…couple years ago he started getting cough- and I never connected that he didn’t want me to go in…(he starts seeing specialists, going to doctors, uft medical centres whos end him to all these specialist…drugs and he kept coughing… By accident one day im walking by…really filty and dirty…this mole started growing…it took 2 days of professional cleaning team and threaten to throw him out to bring a cleaner once a month to the entire place to do – THEY WERE LOOKING INTO his body but not outside his body…where was he living? In a relaly really bad env…it was very dirty thigns growing in there…MEDICAL ANTHRO actually go into their patients house to see if that might playa facto KURU= disease…started among the fore people (PNG) to have a higher incidence of this disease than any other population of the world…it attacks the nervous system people who get it get convulsions…lose control of their body and die ( its very fatal= cesures) Slow virus- believe that there are some kind of a latent viral cause that could live for long periods of time and was a very hard to eliminate or kill so that was back than vs. now that the science has progressed now we have attributed it to PRION= viral entities. They are very pathogenic…very gatal because they are introduced they have a very unique features not viruses but sub viral- detrimental Why is it that it is mostly of Kuru women and the children of Kuru Th
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