Class Notes (834,384)
Canada (508,507)
Anthropology (2,022)
ANT102H5 (401)
Victor Barac (106)
Lecture 8

Lecture 8

6 Pages
Unlock Document

Victor Barac

ANT102H5S – Introduction to Sociocultural and Linguistic Anthropology Lecture 07 – August 6, 2013 Religion Overview - James Frazer - Animism - Animatism - Myth & Ritual - The Social Organization of Religion - Religion and Society - Religion and Social Change Intro (not part of slides) - Religare – binding together - Emphasis on belief comes from James Frazier James Frazer (1854-1941) - The Golden Bough (1890) o Kept on expanding year after year, and by 1915, there were 15 volumes of ancient rituals, mythologies o It was available to the public f religious practices - Study of ancient cults, myths, and rites - Magic  Religion  Science o Evolutionary schemes that he didn’t make up, was first expounded in detail o For him magic had to do with arbitrary super natural forces o The realm of religion, what becomes a central concern, is fulfilling the will of God o Science whips all of that away, and rational investigation takes presence Animism - Belief in spirit-beings (Edward Tylor) o Generic term coined by Tylor o Described this diverse ray of beliefs in all sorts of entities - Souls, ghosts, witches, demons, spirits, gods, etc. - The idea of discrete individual beings - Specific beliefs central to all religions Animatism - Belief in impersonal, diffuse forces (Robert Marrett) o Belief in diffuse and arbitrary forces o Example: Luck, pentagram - Herbre –el - Greek – dynamis - Latin – noumena o Highly charged phenomena ANT102H5S – Introduction to Sociocultural and Linguistic Anthropology Lecture 07 – August 6, 2013 - Polynesia – mana o Idea that the chief is a powerful spiritual energy - Iroquois – Orenda Myth and Ritual - The two basic elements of religion: o Tylor and Fraser has an emphasis on the intellectual aspect of religion - Myth o Basis of belief systems of stories o Provides cognitive coherence o A general interpreted framework of life - Ritual o Gestures and actions o Symbolic actions o Expresses things like social solidarity, or identity Myth = The grand narratives of a culture - Explanations o Tells us about origins, the future - Value systems o Communicates values – what we consider to be the good things in life o Affect how people conceive the central things in life (example: marriage, sex) Ritual = Rites and ceremonies - Collective – shared, intense emotional o Form of communication o Example: aboriginals in Australia have puberty ceremonies for the boys. As you age, you cut underneath the penis until the uretra, where when your old, its basically in half - Individual – empowerment, catharsis, healing The Social Organization of Religion - Anthony F.C. Wallace on religious cults - Durkheim o Against the evolutionists o First modern sociologist o The essence of religion is to be found in the nature of society - Individualistic cults - Shamanistic cults - Communal cults - Ecclesiastical cults Religion and Society 1 Huichol (Mexico) ANT102H5S – Introduction to Sociocultural and Linguistic Anthropology Lecture 07 – August 6, 2013 - Nature spirits o Tataweri = fire o Tatetima = rain o Kauyumarie = deer - Human spirit o Watakame = clearer of the fields - Foragers started cultivating corn o Where they don’t completely abandon hunting, just become more dependent on corn o Illustrates the process of synietism  combine the aspects of belief of two differ traditions Religion and Society 2 Weyewa (Sumb, Indonesia) - Practice agriculture and are also a ranked society o The lineages are arranged according to status - Nature spirits o Elements, plants, animals o There is no direct access to the element of spirit - Human spirits o Ancestors spirits o The most powerful ancestor spirits are the spirits of the higher lineages Religion and Society 3 Classical Greek Pantheon - Zeus – king o - Hera – queen - Hephaestus –smith o The metal working God - Hermes – messenger - Hestia –hearth-keeper o Goddess of the home - Reflect the structure of life in the city, especially the early city state Religion and Society 4 Monotheism - Aton/ Aten o Amenhotep IV (Ikhnaton) of Egypt o Destroyed all the other gods, except the sun, hence there is only one god - Abrahamic god o Yahweh, Trinity, Allah ANT102H5S – Introduction to Sociocultural and Linguisti
More Less

Related notes for ANT102H5

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.