Hermaphrodite - an organism that differs from what is usually defined as standard
male or female.
• may have an unusual chromosomal makeup (male babies can be born with two X
chromosomes), hormonal differences, or a range of configurations and
combinations of genitals and reproductive organs.
• 15 percent of animals can be determined as intersex creatures
What is Nature?
What is culture? –
What is sex? – a biological categorization based primarily on reproductive potential
What is gender? – it is the CULTURAL expression of the gender definition. is therefore
always performed according to culturally specific norms and possibilities. Scholars call
this the performativity of gender.
Youtube Video – Sworn Virgins
A person in Albani, Bosnia or Serbia buta woman who has sworn to live her life as a
man. It is a social situation where there are not enough men to live in a family
From a cultural perspective, there are many ways for gender to be expressed.
Colonizing Europeans discovered that Native peoples had a cateogory of people called
“2spirit” which allowed people to inhabit a gender not male or female but one that was in
question. These 2 genders were apparently respected in the community because they were
go betweens when marriage were arranged or when fights broke out.
Question for midterm/exam – what are the GENDER NORMS or GENDER
IDEOLIGIES ? our lives and our relationship with one another
IDEOLOGY - a shared, tacit set of perceptions and feelings people have for explaining,
interpreting, justifying, and judging the world - including the people inhabiting it.
Ideologies often justify (and reproduce) inequalities.
Gender Ideology - often hold that men and women and boys and girls are fundamentally
DIFFERENT from eachother. consists of the shared, tacit set of perceptions and feelings
people have for explaining, interpreting, justifying, and judging the people in relation to
their gender (“She sits like a man”).A gender ideology often justifies gender hierarchy. Toys, Home, Kitchen, Office, Gym – these locations are subtly gender based.