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ANT102 - 2nd half of the term - November 21st, 2012.doc

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University of Toronto Mississauga
Andrea Muehlebach

Economies -economic anthropology Questions: can we study the economoy from a cultural perspective? Or can we one study economies as cultural systems TERMS Marketing Economies – the exchange of goods, services and commodities mediated by money • Ownership is private and the goal of transactions are PROFIT Clifford Geertz • suggests that there is more than just one way to be human Homo Economicus – one who is just interested in escribe humans as rational and self-interested beings capable of making judgments towards subjectively defined ends (such as accumulation of wealth and resources). “The flaws of human nature are such that we cannot change” – Alan Greenspan *imp quote from YouTube Video 2 Core Points • Human nature is about self interest • Self interest magically transformed greed into the greater good • We address ourselves and not to their or anytones humanity Anthropologists say that there is just not 1 type of human nature *Economic Anthropologists study things like wallstreet to informal and underground economies of the urban poor Informal Economy – the production and distribution of legal goods, outside of the normal government regulation. Example – Marketers, Artisans, *This economy overlaps with other economies. Informal exchange like swapping and bartering one good for another service. Drug dealing is an extreme example of this Methodology  if youre working with a marginzalied community that community has socially, economically, and culturally had a negative long time relationsgip with mainstream society. So they wont reveal theyre actual experience with them at all NOTE – that in east Harlem the working class has now transformed into service workers from selling drugs so to speak. Street Culture: refers to working class Puerto Ricans have developed a street working culture which revolves around “Swaggering masculinity” the ideas of rrespect, and autonomy Service Economy – the 1980’s and 1990’s – there was a rise in service work and office work and street culture became to be nonfunctional during this era. There was a shift in social interaction between people which made a difference between the factory versus service sector. There was also as a result of this – a difference in race between both working sectors. NOTE – behavior that was once considred appropriate for STREET CULTURE was considered dysfunctional for the soffice setting. Job requirements in the service
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