Kinship, Mating, Marriage
Family, domestic life and social organization
OVERVIEWkinship is important in the modern world as well, example can be the royal family,
1. Kinship terms, symbols & diagrams
1. Consanguineal vs.Affinal Kin blood kin, ppl
who are biologically related to you.
• “Blood” relatives vs. relatives through
2. Lineal vs. Collateral Kin
• Direct vs. parallel lines of descent
The red and green are important,
Lineal ancestors or descendants to you, branching off is
collateral siblings, aunts, cousins.
Domestic Life your everyday life. Family and household are diff. families can be split have
more networks, households consisting of ppl who are not blood relatives.
Basic social groupings
• Familya married or a common law couple with or without children, or a lone parent with
dependent children. In brazil what is considered a family is very wide parents, siblings, aunts
and uncles, grandparents, spouses are not considered part of family.
• Household Family Functions
G.P. Murdoch Social Structure (1949) – 1st major cross‐cultural comparison / basis of HRAF
(Human Relations Area Files)very first cross cultural survey, what is the function of family,
what purpose do they serve. Murdoch did a survey,
1. Diminishes sexual competitionfamilies determine who is the sexual partner. Defines the
legal sexual relations.
2. Protects child‐bearing females where children learn to walk and talk
3. Provides the primary context of enculturation
4. Defines division of labour by sex
The Nuclear Familyfound in all societies, not dominant or the most frequent form, not the ideal
form. More significant in certain societies seen in foraging and industrial societies.
• Family of orientation = natal familyfamily you are born
• Family of procreation = conjugal familyyou are an
The Extended Familyfound everywhere, common in preindustrial world, bases for domestics
division of labor. Stem family set of parents and children and their children (Rajput, India).
Joint siblings form the bases of an extended family (China). Extended family provides a flexible
work force, ppl can reallocate tasks. You have conflict of loyalty in extended families. There is
also social pressure. BARAOTSE have big extended families, men can have multiple wives
they had a saying, if a man is devoted to his wife he is a victim of witchcraft.
Stem family Joint family
The Extended Family Todayindustrialization tends to separate nuclear families. Ppl have to
move to different jobs, they are mobile, so the nuclear family is most dominant. The extended
family is replaced by the 4 families listed below. New family forms supplant the extended family in industrial society
1. Nuclear family
2. Single‐parent family
3. Blended family
4. Expanded familynon kin into family group
1. Exogamymarrying out, incest taboo having sex with siblings. Why would we have a
rule to marry outside? Maybe there is a
biological reason; well the answer is not
definitive. Edward Tyler came up with this
“marry out or die out”.
2. Endogamyrules that specify ppl must marry
within a certain group for instance religion
marry someone in the same religion or ethnicity.
Not enforced by law,