Class Notes (835,384)
Canada (509,147)
Anthropology (2,035)
ANT102H5 (401)
Karen Kus (18)
Lecture 10

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Karen Kus

Lecture 10 August 13 2013 Ethnicity and Race Social groups and categories OVERVIEW Ethnicity- ethnos- nation, nation comes from Latin word natus- means born. Race’s etymology is unknown. Culture bury unit- 1. The logic social of classification a. Binary- two, digital info, either or, ur a citizen or not, ur black or white, discrete category. Denotes who are an insider and an outsider. You are either a male or female. Citizenship most important binary thing, also tells u who is foreigner or a friend. i. Insiders vs. outsiders ii. Citizens vs. aliens / foreigners b. Segmentary- analog, based on principle of greater or less, based of similarities, race, and ethnicity. Gives rise to nepotism- showing favoritism to ppl closer to you. i. Criteria for determining degrees of closeness ii. Organized by principle of nepotism 2. Race a. Racial classification and phenotypic traits-adaptive trait- the sun, uv rays, body size and shape. b. Cultural constructs VS discrete gene pools c. Homo sapiens a single species-earliest homo sapiens in the fossil record come from Ethiopia,Africa. Classification for race – U.S.A. 1. White-ppl of Europe, middle east or northAfrica, includes those who are white, irish, german, Italian, Lebanese, arab or polish. This is white in the U.S. 2. Black orAfrican American- origin in black racial group ofAfrica, wrote their race as black, Nigeria, they are very diverse. More diverse than Europe, 3. American Indian and Alaska Native 4. Asian- 5. Native Hawaiian & other Pacific Islander 6. Some other race Lecture 10 August 13 2013 Classification for race – Canada- very different than US classification. 1.1 Aboriginal (Inuit, Métis, NorthAmerican Indian) 1.2 Arab/West Asian (e.g., Armenian, Egyptian, Iranian, Lebanese) 1.3 Black (e.g.,African, Haitian, Jamaican, Somali) 1.4 Chinese 1.5 Filipino 1.6 Japanese 1.7 Korean 1.8 LatinAmerican 1.9 SouthAsian 1.11 White (Caucasian) 1.12 Other Race inAndean Peru-race reflects culture. 1. Indios – Quecha speakers, rural, Indian dress 2. Cholos – bi‐lingual speakers, small town, small shopkeepers 3. Mestizo (or, criollos) – more affluent, urban, Spanish speakers ^ Anew racial category emerged. 3. Ethnicity- refers to nation, a. Primordial attachments- linked to early socialization, ppl are attached to their routines, what they are familiar with; many are willing to die in the name of their ethnicity. EarlyAmerican ethnicity theory- ppl will forget their ethnicity when they move into the US, but she was wrong, ethnicity define who you are, it is your identity. Talking about language, religion, etc. b. Ethnicity as descent- it is a form of descent; it is a way of recognizing kinship. c. Ethnicity and the nation‐state-many states, but there are 1000s of ethnicity, not every ethnicity has a national state. The Kurds do not have a national state. Ethnic group- living amongst you vs. ethnic affiliation- dispersed, wi
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