Lecture 10 August 13 2013
Ethnicity and Race
Social groups and categories
Ethnicity- ethnos- nation, nation comes from Latin word natus- means born. Race’s
etymology is unknown. Culture bury unit-
1. The logic social of classification
a. Binary- two, digital info, either or, ur a citizen or not, ur black or
white, discrete category. Denotes who are an insider and an outsider.
You are either a male or female. Citizenship most important binary
thing, also tells u who is foreigner or a friend.
i. Insiders vs. outsiders
ii. Citizens vs. aliens / foreigners
b. Segmentary- analog, based on principle of greater or less, based of
similarities, race, and ethnicity. Gives rise to nepotism- showing
favoritism to ppl closer to you.
i. Criteria for determining degrees of closeness
ii. Organized by principle of nepotism
a. Racial classification and phenotypic traits-adaptive trait- the sun, uv
rays, body size and shape.
b. Cultural constructs VS discrete gene pools
c. Homo sapiens a single species-earliest homo sapiens in the fossil
record come from Ethiopia,Africa.
Classification for race – U.S.A.
1. White-ppl of Europe, middle east or northAfrica, includes those
who are white, irish, german, Italian, Lebanese, arab or polish. This
is white in the U.S.
2. Black orAfrican American- origin in black racial group ofAfrica,
wrote their race as black, Nigeria, they are very diverse. More
diverse than Europe,
3. American Indian and Alaska Native
5. Native Hawaiian & other Pacific Islander
6. Some other race Lecture 10 August 13 2013
Classification for race – Canada- very different than US
1.1 Aboriginal (Inuit, Métis, NorthAmerican Indian)
1.2 Arab/West Asian (e.g., Armenian, Egyptian, Iranian, Lebanese)
1.3 Black (e.g.,African, Haitian, Jamaican, Somali)
1.11 White (Caucasian)
Race inAndean Peru-race reflects culture.
1. Indios – Quecha speakers, rural, Indian dress
2. Cholos – bi‐lingual speakers, small town, small shopkeepers
3. Mestizo (or, criollos) – more affluent, urban, Spanish speakers
^ Anew racial category emerged.
3. Ethnicity- refers to nation,
a. Primordial attachments- linked to early socialization, ppl are attached
to their routines, what they are familiar with; many are willing to die
in the name of their ethnicity. EarlyAmerican ethnicity theory- ppl
will forget their ethnicity when they move into the US, but she was
wrong, ethnicity define who you are, it is your identity. Talking about
language, religion, etc.
b. Ethnicity as descent- it is a form of descent; it is a way of recognizing
c. Ethnicity and the nation‐state-many states, but there are 1000s of
ethnicity, not every ethnicity has a national state. The Kurds do not
have a national state.
Ethnic group- living amongst you vs. ethnic affiliation- dispersed,