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Lecture 7

Lecture 7.docx

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University of Toronto Mississauga
Karen Kus

Lecture 7 August 1 2013 Kinship, Mating, Marriage Family, domestic life and social organization OVERVIEW-kinship is important in the modern world as well, example can be the royal family, blood lines. 1. Kinship terms, symbols & diagrams Kinship Symbols Kin Classification 1. Consanguineal vs.Affinal Kin- blood kin, ppl who are biologically related to you. • “Blood” relatives vs. relatives through marriage 2. Lineal vs. Collateral Kin- • Direct vs. parallel lines of descent The red and green are important, Lineal- ancestors or descendants to you, branching off is collateral- siblings, aunts, cousins. 2. Family Lecture 7 August 1 2013 Domestic Life- your everyday life. Family and household are diff. families can be split have more networks, households- consisting of ppl who are not blood relatives. Basic social groupings • Family-a married or a common law couple with or without children, or a lone parent with dependent children. In brazil what is considered a family is very wide- parents, siblings, aunts and uncles, grandparents, spouses are not considered part of family. • Household Family Functions G.P. Murdoch Social Structure (1949) – 1st major cross‐cultural comparison / basis of HRAF (Human RelationsArea Files)-very first cross cultural survey, what is the function of family, what purpose do they serve. Murdoch did a survey, 1. Diminishes sexual competition-families determine who is the sexual partner. Defines the legal sexual relations. 2. Protects child‐bearing females- where children learn to walk and talk 3. Provides the primary context of enculturation- 4. Defines division of labour by sex- The Nuclear Family-found in all societies, not dominant or the most frequent form, not the ideal form. More significant in certain societies seen in foraging and industrial societies. • Family of orientation = natal family-family you are born into. • Family of procreation = conjugal family-you are an offspring, Lecture 7 August 1 2013 The Extended Family-found everywhere, common in pre-industrial world, bases for domestics division of labor. Stem family- set of parents and children and their children (Rajput, India). Joint- siblings form the bases of an extended family (China). Extended family provides a flexible work force, ppl can reallocate tasks. You have conflict of loyalty in extended families. There is also social pressure. BARAOTSE- have big extended families, men can have multiple wives- they had a saying, if a man is devoted to his wife he is a victim of witchcraft. Stem family Joint family The Extended Family Today-industrialization tends to separate nuclear families. Ppl have to move to different jobs, they are mobile, so the nuclear family is most dominant. The extended family is replaced by the 4 families listed below. New family forms supplant the extended family in industrial society 1. Nuclear family 2. Single‐parent family 3. Blended family 4. Expanded family-non kin into family group 3. Marriage Marriage Rules- 1. Exogamy-marrying out, incest taboo- having sex with siblings. Why would we have a rule to marry outside? Maybe there is a biological reason; well the answer is not definitive. Edward Tyler came up with this “marry out or die out”. 2. Endogamy-rules that specify ppl must marry within a certain group- for instance religion- marry someone in the same religion or ethnicity. Not enforced by law, 3. Prescriptive rules-society determines who you s
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