Lecture 7 August 1 2013
Kinship, Mating, Marriage
Family, domestic life and social organization
OVERVIEW-kinship is important in the modern world as well, example can be
the royal family, blood lines.
1. Kinship terms, symbols & diagrams
1. Consanguineal vs.Affinal Kin- blood kin,
ppl who are biologically related to you.
• “Blood” relatives vs. relatives
2. Lineal vs. Collateral Kin-
• Direct vs. parallel lines of descent
The red and green are important,
Lineal- ancestors or descendants to you,
branching off is collateral- siblings, aunts,
2. Family Lecture 7 August 1 2013
Domestic Life- your everyday life. Family and household are diff. families can be
split have more networks, households- consisting of ppl who are not blood
Basic social groupings
• Family-a married or a common law couple with or without children, or a lone
parent with dependent children. In brazil what is considered a family is very wide-
parents, siblings, aunts and uncles, grandparents, spouses are not considered part of
G.P. Murdoch Social Structure (1949) – 1st major cross‐cultural comparison / basis
of HRAF (Human RelationsArea Files)-very first cross cultural survey, what is the
function of family, what purpose do they serve. Murdoch did a survey,
1. Diminishes sexual competition-families determine who is the sexual partner.
Defines the legal sexual relations.
2. Protects child‐bearing females- where children learn to walk and talk
3. Provides the primary context of enculturation-
4. Defines division of labour by sex-
The Nuclear Family-found in all societies, not dominant or the most frequent form,
not the ideal form. More significant in certain societies seen in foraging and
• Family of orientation = natal family-family you
are born into.
• Family of procreation = conjugal family-you are
an offspring, Lecture 7 August 1 2013
The Extended Family-found everywhere, common in pre-industrial world, bases
for domestics division of labor. Stem family- set of parents and children and their
children (Rajput, India). Joint- siblings form the bases of an extended family
(China). Extended family provides a flexible work force, ppl can reallocate tasks.
You have conflict of loyalty in extended families. There is also social pressure.
BARAOTSE- have big extended families, men can have multiple wives- they had
a saying, if a man is devoted to his wife he is a victim of witchcraft.
Stem family Joint family
The Extended Family Today-industrialization tends to separate nuclear families.
Ppl have to move to different jobs, they are mobile, so the nuclear family is most
dominant. The extended family is replaced by the 4 families listed below.
New family forms supplant the extended family in industrial society
1. Nuclear family
2. Single‐parent family
3. Blended family
4. Expanded family-non kin into family group
1. Exogamy-marrying out, incest taboo- having sex with siblings. Why would
we have a rule to marry outside? Maybe there is a biological reason; well the
answer is not definitive. Edward Tyler came up with this “marry out or die
2. Endogamy-rules that specify ppl must
marry within a certain group- for
instance religion- marry someone in the
same religion or ethnicity. Not enforced
3. Prescriptive rules-society determines
who you s