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Lecture 11

Lecture 11.docx

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Victor Barac

thLecture 11August 15 2013Applied AnthropologyGovernment NGOs industry business advocacystOVERVIEWpractical applications of anthro basic vs applied research 1 lecture1Medical Anthropology done according to three models It is a growth area aBiomedical model took centuries to develop there are limits to this model this is where the other model comes in Based on scientific epistemology looks at the body as a natural system this model is rooted in the medical sciences and medical doctors use this model Focus is on human body and its functions looks at disease and health and looks at health internal to the body Based on work of Claude medical doctor wrote an important work in 1865 he elaborated a scientific method to medicine he argued medicine was observation and experiment he argued that medicine should be viva section live cutting of animals Bernard developed theory of homeostasis theory of equilibrium constant temperature this idea functioning body has to maintain equilibrium and that disease is a result of imbalance of the system Durkheim adopted Bernards model of equilibrium and applied it to society functionalismiScientific epistemologyiiThe human bodyits functionsClaude Bernard 18131878HomeostasisiiiEpidemiologystudy of health and illness in population use demography biostatistics study diseased like diabetes This research is common in public health bCultural Interpretive model looks at limits of biomedical model and moves on from there biomedicine just looks at body they dont look at the cultural environment where is the person living etc it does not reject the biomedical model but it does not explain everything iLimits of biomedical modelKuruendocannibalismprionsCase study of Kuru kuru is the diseased studied among the Foray people much higher disease in this pop attacks the nervous system ppl who get it shake lose control of body and die its fatal They attributed this cause to a
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