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ANT 201/200 - February 5th, 2013.doc

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University of Toronto Mississauga
David Smith

{Topic 5: Early Resource Producers // Based on Chapter 6} 1. emerging cultivation, husbandry, domestication 2. full horticultural, agricultural subsistence (being dependent) Southwest Asia: is dated from 10,000 to 5500 BC (increasing social complexity happens towards the latter date) SEDENTIS: the appearance of villages, setlttlemants that are living year around in a place. Dated for 12,000 to 10,000 B 1. Early Cultivation: begins at 10,000 to 8500 BC (wheeat, barley) 2. Horticulture: begins at 8500 – 5500 BC SouthWest Asia Fertile Crescent (location) West: Levant East: Zagros Anatolia {not in Europe} next to Turkey REMEMBER: Eynan and Abu Hureyra Ain Ghazal – full scale Neolithic village Jericho – important for looking at the variability of Neolithic villages Levant • Mesolithic Foragers • The Natufian region is dated for 12,000 to 10,000 BC • Intense use of plants, but no evidence for cultivation/domestication Natufian Settlement Pattern • primarily lives in villages Natufian Tools include: Sickle Blades and Sickle Handles Neolithic (Levant) • dated back to 10,000 to 5500 BC • Aceramic (no pottery) Neolithic 10,000 to 7000 BC • This was at a period of time where they wer NOT dependent on produced resources
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