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ANT204 (Nov 16).docx

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Dylan Clark

- Techniques of the body (Mauss): pg. 249-251 (Delaney) - “the body” o Emotions o Techniques of the body - Clean/filthy; purity/pollution; taboos; wholesome/”dirty””nasty” - Why does your body feel clean/dirty, how is it correlated with your gender and sexuality and ethnicity and combined with the body - Walls between the stalls of the washrooms and toilets; ways of producing body and natural qualities of the body - For men, they will feel weird by peeing sitting down because they usually pee standing up (does not count taking a crap) - We are in this body and then we learn about being in a body; how one learns to be in a body - Emotions tell us about culture and often proven in the body; we know we’re sad because tears are falling and trembling; in different cultures, there may be different ways to express emotions through body - Gendered way of being in a body; the body is always sculpted and trained into us - Categories and knowledge, the Kaluli ways of being male and how they make and know men and how our concepts does not help to distinguish it - In India and Indonesia, they’re very good at squatting - We have been trained into thinking into holding something as comfortable - Different ways of being in a body, touching things, feeling hot or cold things, - In many parts of the world, the left hand is considered dirty; it becom es internalized when you’re living within a culture - Kaluli: body and gender (pg. 121) most of the behaviours that Kaluli feel is important is performed in the male role; egalitarian society, but yet men have the greatest amount of influence; (pg. 124) secrecy and power, to exclude women from access to knowledge enhances the power of those who do know and naturalizes the men who are able to know knowledge; the importance of the male and the way they evaluate their society, the growth and health of children, healing magic, fighting abilities are potency embody in maleness – the dominant Kaluli value who are also seen as more sexually attractive and men put their interpretations and convey symbols; they naturalize their own superiority - Where do we get men and how do we produce men? o 123: it’s semen that makes boys grow into men; male to male insemination ceremony; we don’t want to use “homosexuality” which oversimplify complex behaviours; Schieffelin uses this word to describe the act of the Kaluli; they don’t have phrase for homosexuality and these men will usually grow up to marry women and be considered “heterosexual”; to call it homosexuality is misunderstanding it and forcing our cultural understandings onto other cultures o The hegemonic culture use homosexuality to comprehend society to reinvent gender and sex o They are meant to stop, to reinvent their ways of being in a body - Categories can be discovered in other cultures; the moment we find our categories in other cultures, we think that these cat
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